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Biogeosciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2019-345
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2019-345
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  03 Sep 2019

03 Sep 2019

Review status
A revised version of this preprint was accepted for the journal BG and is expected to appear here in due course.

Comparison of the U37K′, LDI, TEX86H and RI-OH temperature proxies in the northern shelf of the South China Sea

Bingbing Wei1,2, Guodong Jia1, Jens Hefter2, Manyu Kang1, Eunmi Park2,3,4, and Gesine Mollenhauer2 Bingbing Wei et al.
  • 1State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai, 200092, China
  • 2Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Sciences, Bremerhaven, 27570, Germany
  • 3Department of Geosciences, University of Bremen, Bremen, 28359, Germany
  • 4MARUM, Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Bremen, 28359, Germany

Abstract. The temperature proxies U37K′, LDI, TEX86H and RI-OH are derived from lipid biomarkers, namely long-chain alkenones from coccolithophorids, archaeal glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs), long-chain diols ascribed tentatively to eustigmatophytes, and archaeal OH-GDGTs, respectively. The applicability of these proxies has been examined in the South China Sea (SCS), but most of these studies were focused on a single proxy and hence did not allow for a direct comparison between them. In this study, we investigated the above 4 proxies in the same set of surface sediment samples in the northern SCS shelf and related them to local sea surface temperature (SST), which allowed us to assess whether they represent certain seasons or are impaired by terrestrial influences, as well as to infer the preferred habitats of their source organisms. Terrestrial organic inputs appeared to have an impact on LDI, TEX86H and RI-OH proxies near the coast and lead to colder LDI and TEX86H derived temperatures, but a warmer RI-OH estimate in this region. After excluding samples influenced by terrestrial organic input, we found that LDI-derived temperature agreed well with annual SSTs, while U37K′ reflected mainly spring SST and both TEX86H and RI-OH indices were correlated with winter SST. The differential seasonal biases of these biomarker-derived temperatures observed here suggest that each biomarker’s source organism responds differently to regional marine environmental changes in an annual cycle. Specifically, marine eustigmatophytes are likely insensitive to nutrient variations and hence show the lowest seasonal variations, while coccolithophorids could have bloomed in late spring, when nutrient inputs by freshwater are usually highest. GDGT- and OH-GDGT-producing planktonic archaea likely thrive in winter, when conditions, such as relatively high nutrients levels, low light, and high concentrations of SPM in the upper water due to the enhancement of vertical mixing driven by a combination of surface cooling and strong winter monsoon winds, are favorable, although not clearly known.

Bingbing Wei et al.

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Bingbing Wei et al.

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Comparison of the UK'37, LDI, TEX86H and RI-OH temperature proxies in the northern shelf of the South China Sea B. Wei, G. Jia, J. Hefter, M. Kang, E. Park, and G. Mollenhauer https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.905187

Bingbing Wei et al.

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Short summary
We analyzed 4 proxy (U37K′, LDI, TEX86H and RI-OH) temperatures in the northern South China Sea shelf, and compared them with local sea surface temperatures. Terrestrial organic inputs appeared to have an impact on LDI, TEX86H and RI-OH proxies near the coast. After excluding samples influenced by terrestrial organic input, LDI-derived temperature agreed well with annual SSTs, while U37K′ reflected mainly spring SST and both TEX86H and RI-OH indices were correlated with winter SST.
We analyzed 4 proxy (U37K′, LDI, TEX86H and RI-OH) temperatures in the northern South China Sea...
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