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Biogeosciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2020-217
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2020-217
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  27 Jul 2020

27 Jul 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal BG.

Patterns in recent and Holocene pollen influxes across Europe; the Pollen Monitoring Programme Database as a tool for vegetation reconstruction

Vojtěch Abraham1, Sheila Hicks2, Helena Svobodová-Svitavská1,3, Elissaveta Bozilova4, Sampson Panajiotidis5, Mariana Filipova-Marinova6, Christin Eldegard Jensen7, Spassimir Tonkov4, Irena Agnieszka Pidek8, Joanna Święta-Musznicka9, Marcelina Zimny9, Eliso Kvavadze10, Anna Filbrandt-Czaja11, Martina Hättestrand12, Nurgül Karlıoğlu Kılıç13, Jana Kosenko14, Maria Nosova15, Elena Severova14, Olga Volkova14, Margrét Hallsdóttir16, Laimdota Kalniņa17, Agnieszka Noryśkiewicz18, Bożena Noryśkiewicz19, Heather Pardoe20, Areti Christodoulou21, Tiiu Koff22, Sonia L. Fontana23, Teija Alenius24, Elisabeth Isaksson25, Heikki Seppä26, Siim Veski27, Anna Pędziszewska9, Martin Weiser1, and Thomas Giesecke28 Vojtěch Abraham et al.
  • 1Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Charles University; Benátská 2; CZ-128 01; Prague; Czech Republic
  • 2P.O. Box 8000, FI-90014 University of Oulu, Finland
  • 3Institute of Botany v.v.i.; Czech Academy of Sciences; Zámek 1; CZ-252 43 Pr ̊uhonice; Czech Republic
  • 4Laboratory of Palynology, Department of Botany, Faculty of Biology, Sofia University, 8 Dragan Tsankov blvd., Sofia 1164, Bulgaria
  • 5Lab. of Forest Botany, Faculty of Forestry and Natural Environment, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, P.O. Box 270, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
  • 6Museum of Natural History Varna, 41 Maria Louisa Blvd. 9000 Varna; Bulgaria
  • 7University of Stavanger, Museum of Archaeology, Peder Klows gate 31A, PB 8600 Forus, NO-4036 Stavanger, Norway
  • 8Institute of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University; al. Krasnicka 2d; 20-718 Lublin; Poland
  • 9University of Gda ́nsk, Faculty of Biology, Department of Plant Ecology, Laboratory of Palaeoecology and Archaeobotany, ul. Wita Stwosza 59, 80-308 Gda ́nsk, Poland
  • 10Georgian National Museum, Purtseladze Str.3, Tbilisi 5, Georgia 0105
  • 11Faculty of Biological and Veterinary Sciences, Geobotany and Landscape Planning, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toru ́n, 87-100 Toru ́n, ul. Lwowska 1; Poland
  • 12Department of Physical Geography, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
  • 13Department of Forest Botany, Faculty of Forestry, Istanbul University-Cerrahpa ̧sa; Bahçeköy; TR-34473; Istanbul; Turkey
  • 14Depertament od Higher Plants, Moscow State University; Leninskie Gory, 1, 12, Moscow, 119234, Russia
  • 15Main Botanical Garden RAS; Botanicheskaya, 4, Moscow, 127276, Russia
  • 16Laugarnesvegi 87 íbúð 105, 105 Reykjavík, Iceland
  • 17Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of Latvia; Jelgavas Street 1, LV-1004; Riga, Latvia
  • 18Institute of Archeology, Faculty of History, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toru ́n; Szosa Bydgoska 44/48; 87-100 Toru ́n; Poland
  • 19Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spacial Managment, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toru ́n; Lwowska 1, 87-100 Toru ́n; Poland
  • 20Department of Natural Sciences, National Museum Wales, Cathays Park, Cardiff, CF10 3NP, UK
  • 21Department of Forests, Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Environment, P. Box 24136, 1701 Nicosia, Cyprus
  • 22Tallinn University, School of Natural Sciences and Health, Institute of Ecology, senior researcher. Uus Sadama 5, 10120 Tallinn, Estonia
  • 23Cátedra de Palinilogía, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo, UNLP, Calle 64 n°3, 1900 La Plata, Argentina
  • 24Turku Institute for Advanced Studies (Department of Archaeology), FI-20014 University of Turku
  • 25Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, N-9296 Tromsø, Norway
  • 26Department of Geosciences and Geography, University of Helsinki, Gustav Hällströmin katu 2, 00014, Helsinki, Finland
  • 27Department of Geology, Tallinn University of Technology, TalTech, Ehitajate tee 5, 19086 Tallinn, Estonia
  • 28Palaeoecology, Department of Physical Geography, Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80115, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands

Abstract. The collection of modern spatially extensive pollen data are important for the interpretation of fossil pollen diagrams. Such datasets are readily available for percentage data but lacking for pollen accumulation rates (PAR). Filling this gap has been the motivation of the pollen monitoring network, whose contributors monitored pollen deposition in modified Tauber-traps for several years or decades across European latitudes. Here we present this monitoring dataset consisting of 351 trap locations with a total of 2742 annual samples covering the period from 1981 to 2017. This dataset shows that climate parameters correlating with latitude determine pollen productivity. A signal of regional forest cover can be detected in the data, while local tree cover seems more important. Pollen traps situated beyond 200 km of the distribution of the parent tree are still collecting occasional pollen grains of the tree in question. PAR’s of up to 30 grains cm−2yr−1 in fossil diagram should therefore be interpreted as long distance transport. Comparisons to fossil data from the same areas show comparable values. Comparisons often demonstrate that similar high values for temperate taxa in fossils sites are found further south or downhill. While modern situations comparable to high PAR values of some taxa (e.g. Corylus) may be hard to find, CO2 fertilization and land use may case high modern PAR’s that are not documented in the fossil record. The modern data is now publically available in the Neotoma Paleoecology Database and hopefully serves improving interpretations of fossil PAR data.

Vojtěch Abraham et al.

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Short summary
Pollen traps are plastic bottles recording the pollen rain during the whole year. We analysed them during the last four decades in different regions of Europe from Spitsbergen to Cyprus. The dataset is compared with current vegetation, environmental variables and fossil pollen rain. The relationship to the present vegetation patterns can be used as a tool of vegetation reconstruction in the past. The dataset is available in the Neotoma Palaeoecology Database.
Pollen traps are plastic bottles recording the pollen rain during the whole year. We analysed...
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