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Biogeosciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2020-395
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2020-395
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  04 Nov 2020

04 Nov 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal BG.

Ideas and perspectives: Biogeochemistry – Its Future Role in Interdisciplinary Frontiers

Thomas S. Bianchi1, Madhur Anand2, Chris T. Bauch3, Donald E. Canfield4, Luc De Meester5,6,7, Katja Fennel8, Peter M. Groffman9, Michael L. Pace10, Mak Saito11, and Myrna J. Simpson12 Thomas S. Bianchi et al.
  • 1Dept. of Geological Science, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL USA
  • 2School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
  • 3University of Waterloo, Department of Applied Mathematics, Waterloo, Canada
  • 4Nordcee, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
  • 5Dept. of Biology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
  • 6Leibniz Institut für Gewässerökologie und Binnenfischerei (IGB), Berlin, Germany
  • 7Institute of Biology, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
  • 8Dept. of Oceanography, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
  • 9City University of New York Advanced Science Research Center at the Graduate Center, New York, NY USA and Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, NY USA
  • 10Dept. of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA USA
  • 11Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA USA
  • 12Dept. of Physical and Environmental Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Abstract. Biogeochemistry has an important role to play in many environmental issues of current concern related to global change and air, water, and soil quality. However, reliable predictions and tangible take-up of solutions offered by biogeochemistry will need further integration of disciplines. Here, we emphasize how further developing ties between biology, geology, and chemistry and social sciences will advance biogeochemistry through: 1) better integration of mechanisms including contemporary evolutionary adaptation to predict changing biogeochemical cycles; 2) better integration of data from long-term monitoring sites in terrestrial, aquatic, and human systems across temporal and spatial scales, including the continental and global scale, for use in modeling efforts; and 3) implementing insights from social sciences to better understand how sustainable and equitable responses by society are achieved. The challenges of 21st century biogeochemists are formidable, and will require both the capacity to respond fast to pressing issues and intense collaboration with government officials, the public, and internationally-funded programs. Keys to its success will be the degree to which biogeochemistry succeeds in making biogeochemical knowledge more available to policy makers and educators, in predicting future changes in the biosphere in response to climate change and other anthropogenic impacts on time scales from seasons to centuries, and in facilitating sustainable and equitable responses by society.

Thomas S. Bianchi et al.

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Short summary
Better development of interdisciplinary linkages ties between biology, geology, and chemistry advance biogeochemistry through: 1) better integration of contemporary (or rapid) evolutionary adaptation to predict changing biogeochemical cycles, 2) universal integration of data from long-term monitoring sites in terrestrial, aquatic, and human systems, that span broad geographical regions for use in modeling.
Better development of interdisciplinary linkages ties between biology, geology, and chemistry ...
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