Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2021-237
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2021-237

  30 Sep 2021

30 Sep 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal BG.

Ideas and Perspectives: Enhancing research and monitoring of carbon pools and land-to-atmosphere greenhouse gases exchange in developing countries

Dong-Gill Kim1, Ben Bond-Lamberty2, Youngryel Ryu3, Bumsuk Seo4, and Dario Papale5,6 Dong-Gill Kim et al.
  • 1Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resources, Hawassa University, PO. Box 128, Shashemene, Ethiopia
  • 2Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Joint Global Change Research Institute, College Park, MD, USA
  • 3Department of Landscape Architecture and Rural Systems Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • 4Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Atmospheric Environmental Research (IMK-IFU), Kreuzeckbahnstr. 19, D-82467 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
  • 5Department for Innovation in Biological, Agro-food and Forest systems (DIBAF), University of Tuscia, Via San C. De Lellis s.n.c., 01100 Viterbo, Italy
  • 6Foundation Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change (CMCC)-Impacts on Agriculture, Forests and Ecosystem Services Division, 01100, Viterbo, Italy

Abstract. Carbon (C) and greenhouse gas (GHG) research has traditionally required data collection and analysis using advanced and often expensive instruments, complex and proprietary software, and skilled technicians. Partly as a result, relatively little C and GHG research has been conducted in resource-constrained developing countries. At the same time, these are the same countries and regions in which climate-change impacts will likely be strongest, and in which major science uncertainties are centred, given the importance of dryland and tropical systems to the global C cycle. Increasingly, scientific communities have adopted appropriate technology and approach (AT&A) for C and GHG research, which focuses on low-cost and low-technology instruments, open source software and data, and participatory and networking-based research approaches. Adopting AT&A can mean acquiring data with fewer technical constraints and lower economic burden and is thus a strategy for enhancing C and GHG research in developing countries. However, AT&A can be characterized by higher uncertainties; these can often be mitigated by carefully designing experiments, providing clear protocols for data collection, and monitoring and validating the quality of obtained data. For implementing this approach in developing countries, it is first necessary to recognize the scientific and moral importance of AT&A. At the same time, new AT&A techniques should be identified and further developed. All these processes should be promoted in collaboration with local researchers and through training local staff and encouraged for wide use and further innovation in developing countries.

Dong-Gill Kim et al.

Status: open (until 16 Nov 2021)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse

Dong-Gill Kim et al.

Dong-Gill Kim et al.

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Short summary
While carbon (C) and greenhouse gas (GHG) research has adopted appropriate technology and approach (AT&A) such as low-cost instrument, open source software and participatory research and their results were well accepted by scientific communities. In terms of cost, feasibility and performance, integration of low-cost and low-technology, participatory and networking based research approaches can be AT&A for enhancing C and GHG research in developing countries.
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