Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2021-97
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2021-97

  26 Apr 2021

26 Apr 2021

Review status: a revised version of this preprint was accepted for the journal BG and is expected to appear here in due course.

Deep chlorophyll maximum and nutricline in the Mediterranean Sea: emerging properties from a multi-platform assimilated biogeochemical model experiment

Anna Teruzzi, Giorgio Bolzon, Laura Feudale, and Gianpiero Cossarini Anna Teruzzi et al.
  • Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale - OGS, Trieste, 34100, Italy

Abstract. Data assimilation has had a positive impact on biogeochemical modelling in a number of oceanographic applications. The recent operational availability of data from BGC-Argo floats, which provide valuable insights into key vertical biogeochemical processes, can lead to further improvements in biogeochemical modelling through assimilation schemes that include float observations in addition to traditionally assimilated satellite data. In the present work, we demonstrate the feasibility of joint multi-platform assimilation in realistic biogeochemical applications by presenting the results of one-year simulations of Mediterranean Sea biogeochemistry. Different combinations of satellite chlorophyll data and BGC-Argo nitrate and chlorophyll data have been tested, and validation with respect to available independent and semi-independent (before assimilation) observations showed that assimilation of both satellite and float observations outperformed the assimilation of platforms considered individually. Moreover, the assimilation of BGC-Argo data impacted the vertical structure of nutrients and phytoplankton in terms of deep chlorophyll maximum depth and intensity and nutricline depth. The outcomes of the model simulation assimilating both satellite data and BGC-Argo data have been used to explore the basin-wide differences in vertical features associated with summer stratified conditions, describing a relatively high variability between the western and eastern Mediterranean, with thinner and shallower but intense deep chlorophyll maxima associated with steeper and narrower nutriclines in the western Mediterranean.

Anna Teruzzi et al.

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on bg-2021-97', Sarah Schlunegger, 09 Jun 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Anna Teruzzi, 29 Jul 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on bg-2021-97', Anonymous Referee #2, 15 Jun 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Anna Teruzzi, 29 Jul 2021

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on bg-2021-97', Sarah Schlunegger, 09 Jun 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Anna Teruzzi, 29 Jul 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on bg-2021-97', Anonymous Referee #2, 15 Jun 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Anna Teruzzi, 29 Jul 2021

Anna Teruzzi et al.

Anna Teruzzi et al.

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Short summary
During summer, maxima of phytoplankton chlorophyll concentration (DCM) occur in the subsurface of the Mediterranean Sea, and can play a relevant role in carbon sequestration into the ocean interior. A numerical model based on in situ and satellite observations provides insights on the wide range of DCM conditions across the relatively small Mediterranean Sea, and shows a western DCM that is 25 % shallower and with higher phytoplankton chlorophyll concentration than in the eastern Mediterranean.
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