12 Sep 2022
12 Sep 2022
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal BG.

Maximum summer temperatures predict the temperature adaptation of Arctic soil bacterial communities

Ruud Rijkers, Mark Dekker, Rien Aerts, and James T. Weedon Ruud Rijkers et al.
  • Amsterdam Institute for Life and Environment, Section of Systems Ecology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands

Abstract. Rapid warming of the arctic terrestrial region has the potential to increase soil decomposition rates and form a carbon-driven feedback to future climate change. For accurate prediction of the role of soil microbes in these processes it will be important to understand the temperature responses of soil bacterial communities and implement them into biogeochemical models. The temperature adaptation of soil bacterial communities for a large part of the Arctic region is unknown. We evaluated the current temperature adaption of soil bacterial communities from 12 sampling sites in the sub- to High Arctic. Temperature adaptation differed substantially between the soil bacterial communities of these sites, with estimates of optimal growth temperature (Topt) ranging between 23.4 ± 0.5 and 34.1 ± 3.7 C. We evaluated possible statistical models for the prediction of the temperature adaption of soil bacterial communities based on different climate indices derived from soil temperature records, or on bacterial community composition data. We found that highest daily average soil temperature was the best predictor for the Topt of the soil bacterial communities, increasing 0.63 °C per °C. We found no support for the prediction of temperature adaptation by regression tree analysis based on relative abundance data of most common bacterial species. Increasing summer temperatures will likely increase Topt of soil bacterial communities in the Arctic. Incorporating this mechanism into soil biogeochemical models and combining it with projections of soil temperature will help to reduce uncertainty in assessments of the vulnerability of soil carbon stocks in the Arctic.

Ruud Rijkers et al.

Status: open (until 24 Oct 2022)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on bg-2022-184', Natasja van Gestel, 19 Sep 2022 reply

Ruud Rijkers et al.

Ruud Rijkers et al.


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Short summary
Bacterial communties in soils of the Arctic region decompose soil organic matter to CO2 from a large carbon pool. The amount of CO2 released is likely to increase under future climate conditions. Here, we study how temperature sensitive the growth of soil bacterial communties is for 12 sampling sites in the sub to High Arctic. We show that the optimal growth temperature, varies between 23 and 34 degrees Celsius and is influenced by the summer temperature.