01 Mar 2023
 | 01 Mar 2023
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal BG.

Long-term fertilization increases soil but not plant or microbial N in a Chihuahuan Desert Grassland

Violeta Mendoza-Martinez, Scott L. Collins, and Jennie R. McLaren

Abstract. Although the negative consequences of increased nitrogen (N) supply on plant communities and soil chemistry are well known, most studies have focused on mesic grasslands, and the fate of added N in arid and semi-arid ecosystems remains unclear. To study the impacts of long-term increased N deposition on ecosystem N-pools, we sampled a 26-year-long fertilization (10 g N m-2 yr-1) experiment in the northern Chihuahuan Desert at the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge (SNWR) in New Mexico. To determine the fate of the added N, we measured multiple soil, microbial, and plant N pools in shallow soils at three time points across the 2020 growing season. We found small but significant increases with fertilization in soil available (NO3--N and NH4+-N), yet the soil microbial and plant communities do not appear to be taking advantage of the increased N-availability, with no changes in biomass or N-content in either community. However, there were increases in total soil N with fertilization, suggesting increases in microbial or plant N earlier in the experiment. Ultimately, the majority of the N added in this multi-decadal experiment was not found in the shallow soil, nor the microbial or plant community, and is likely to have been lost from the ecosystem entirely.

Violeta Mendoza-Martinez et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • CC1: 'Comment on bg-2023-41', Alejandro E. Castellanos, 13 Apr 2023
    • AC1: 'Reply on CC1', Jennie McLaren, 17 Aug 2023
  • RC1: 'Comment on bg-2023-41', Anonymous Referee #1, 08 Jul 2023
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC1', Jennie McLaren, 17 Aug 2023
  • RC2: 'Comment on bg-2023-41', Kristina Young, 01 Aug 2023
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC2', Jennie McLaren, 17 Aug 2023

Violeta Mendoza-Martinez et al.

Violeta Mendoza-Martinez et al.


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Short summary
We examine the impacts of multi-decadal nitrogen additions on a dryland ecosystem N budget, including the soil, microbial and plant N pools. After 26 years, there appears to be little impact on the soil microbial or plant community and only minimal increases in N pools within the soil. While perhaps encouraging from a conservation standpoint, we calculate that greater than 95 % of the nitrogen added to the system is not retained and is instead either lost deeper in the soil or emitted as gas.