The ocean in a high-CO2 world III
The ocean in a high-CO2 world III
Editor(s): K. Denman, R. Feely, J.-P. Gattuso, H.-O. Pörtner, U. Riebesell, D. Schmidt, and A. Waite
It is only eight years ago that scientists gathered at UNESCO headquarters in Paris for the 1st Symposium on the Ocean in a High-CO2 World. The term ocean acidification was hardly used at that time and few scientists had investigated its possible impacts on marine life. By the end of that meeting it was clear that uptake of anthropogenic CO2 by the ocean and the associated changes in ocean chemistry have the potential to endanger marine organisms and ecosystems ocean-wide. A remarkable scientific endeavour has occurred since the Paris symposium in 2004. With barely 20 publications per year on possible impacts of CO2-induced changes in ocean chemistry in 2004, this number has increased to 130 per year at the time of the 2ndSymposium on the Ocean in a High-CO2 World in Monaco in 2008 and is expected to pass 300 publications per year in 2012. Ocean acidification and the associated threat for marine life are now widely recognized, not only in the scientific community, but increasingly in the general public and are starting to be acknowledged among policy makers. This special issue intends to provide an outlet for the most recent results in ocean acidification research presented at the 3rd Symposium on the Ocean in a High-CO2 World in Monterey, September 24-27, 2012. All symposium participants are invited to submit their original scientific work presented at the symposium and within the scope of Biogeosciences to this special issue.

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26 Mar 2014
Effects of elevated CO2 in the early life stages of summer flounder, Paralichthys dentatus, and potential consequences of ocean acidification
R. C. Chambers, A. C. Candelmo, E. A. Habeck, M. E. Poach, D. Wieczorek, K. R. Cooper, C. E. Greenfield, and B. A. Phelan
Biogeosciences, 11, 1613–1626,,, 2014
13 Mar 2014
Physiological effects of environmental acidification in the deep-sea urchin Strongylocentrotus fragilis
J. R. Taylor, C. Lovera, P. J. Whaling, K. R. Buck, E. F. Pane, and J. P. Barry
Biogeosciences, 11, 1413–1423,,, 2014
24 Feb 2014
Exploring local adaptation and the ocean acidification seascape – studies in the California Current Large Marine Ecosystem
G. E. Hofmann, T. G. Evans, M. W. Kelly, J. L. Padilla-Gamiño, C. A. Blanchette, L. Washburn, F. Chan, M. A. McManus, B. A. Menge, B. Gaylord, T. M. Hill, E. Sanford, M. LaVigne, J. M. Rose, L. Kapsenberg, and J. M. Dutton
Biogeosciences, 11, 1053–1064,,, 2014
06 Jan 2014
Ocean acidification state in western Antarctic surface waters: controls and interannual variability
M. Mattsdotter Björk, A. Fransson, A. Torstensson, and M. Chierici
Biogeosciences, 11, 57–73,,, 2014
04 Dec 2013
Deformities in larvae and juvenile European lobster (Homarus gammarus) exposed to lower pH at two different temperatures
A.-L. Agnalt, E. S. Grefsrud, E. Farestveit, M. Larsen, and F. Keulder
Biogeosciences, 10, 7883–7895,,, 2013
02 Dec 2013
Ocean acidification from 1997 to 2011 in the subarctic western North Pacific Ocean
M. Wakita, S. Watanabe, M. Honda, A. Nagano, K. Kimoto, K. Matsumoto, M. Kitamura, K. Sasaki, H. Kawakami, T. Fujiki, K. Sasaoka, Y. Nakano, and A. Murata
Biogeosciences, 10, 7817–7827,,, 2013
22 Nov 2013
Impacts of food availability and pCO2 on planulation, juvenile survival, and calcification of the azooxanthellate scleractinian coral Balanophyllia elegans
E. D. Crook, H. Cooper, D. C. Potts, T. Lambert, and A. Paytan
Biogeosciences, 10, 7599–7608,,, 2013
21 Nov 2013
Medium-term exposure of the North Atlantic copepod Calanus finmarchicus (Gunnerus, 1770) to CO2-acidified seawater: effects on survival and development
S. A. Pedersen, B. H. Hansen, D. Altin, and A. J. Olsen
Biogeosciences, 10, 7481–7491,,, 2013
19 Nov 2013
A short history of ocean acidification science in the 20th century: a chemist's view
P. G. Brewer
Biogeosciences, 10, 7411–7422,,, 2013
13 Nov 2013
The effects of intermittent exposure to low-pH and low-oxygen conditions on survival and growth of juvenile red abalone
T. W. Kim, J. P. Barry, and F. Micheli
Biogeosciences, 10, 7255–7262,,, 2013
28 Oct 2013
Dynamics of seawater carbonate chemistry, production, and calcification of a coral reef flat, central Great Barrier Reef
R. Albright, C. Langdon, and K. R. N. Anthony
Biogeosciences, 10, 6747–6758,,, 2013
23 Oct 2013
The influence of food supply on the response of Olympia oyster larvae to ocean acidification
A. Hettinger, E. Sanford, T. M. Hill, J. D. Hosfelt, A. D. Russell, and B. Gaylord
Biogeosciences, 10, 6629–6638,,, 2013
09 Oct 2013
Synergism between elevated pCO2 and temperature on the Antarctic sea ice diatom Nitzschia lecointei
A. Torstensson, M. Hedblom, J. Andersson, M. X. Andersson, and A. Wulff
Biogeosciences, 10, 6391–6401,,, 2013
07 Oct 2013
Synergistic effects of pCO2 and iron availability on nutrient consumption ratio of the Bering Sea phytoplankton community
K. Sugie, H. Endo, K. Suzuki, J. Nishioka, H. Kiyosawa, and T. Yoshimura
Biogeosciences, 10, 6309–6321,,, 2013
02 Oct 2013
Multiple stressors of ocean ecosystems in the 21st century: projections with CMIP5 models
L. Bopp, L. Resplandy, J. C. Orr, S. C. Doney, J. P. Dunne, M. Gehlen, P. Halloran, C. Heinze, T. Ilyina, R. Séférian, J. Tjiputra, and M. Vichi
Biogeosciences, 10, 6225–6245,,, 2013
01 Oct 2013
Effect of increased pCO2 level on early shell development in great scallop (Pecten maximus Lamarck) larvae
S. Andersen, E. S. Grefsrud, and T. Harboe
Biogeosciences, 10, 6161–6184,,, 2013
30 Sep 2013
The response of calcifying plankton to climate change in the Pliocene
C. V. Davis, M. P. S. Badger, P. R. Bown, and D. N. Schmidt
Biogeosciences, 10, 6131–6139,,, 2013
11 Sep 2013
Technical Note: Controlled experimental aquarium system for multi-stressor investigation of carbonate chemistry, oxygen saturation, and temperature
E. E. Bockmon, C. A. Frieder, M. O. Navarro, L. A. White-Kershek, and A. G. Dickson
Biogeosciences, 10, 5967–5975,,, 2013
28 Aug 2013
Formation and maintenance of high-nitrate, low pH layers in the eastern Indian Ocean and the role of nitrogen fixation
A. M. Waite, V. Rossi, M. Roughan, B. Tilbrook, P. A. Thompson, M. Feng, A. S. J. Wyatt, and E. J. Raes
Biogeosciences, 10, 5691–5702,,, 2013
19 Jul 2013
Benthic buffers and boosters of ocean acidification on coral reefs
K. R. N. Anthony, G. Diaz-Pulido, N. Verlinden, B. Tilbrook, and A. J. Andersson
Biogeosciences, 10, 4897–4909,,, 2013
05 Apr 2013
Short- and long-term consequences of larval stage exposure to constantly and ephemerally elevated carbon dioxide for marine bivalve populations
C. J. Gobler and S. C. Talmage
Biogeosciences, 10, 2241–2253,,, 2013
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