Summer and winter living coccolithophores in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea
- 1College of Marine Science and Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin, 300457, China
- 2East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Shanghai, 200090, China
- 3Physical Oceanography Laboratory, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, 266003, China
- 4Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou, 310012, China
Abstract. This paper describes the distribution of living coccolithophores (LCs) in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea in summer and winter, and its relationship with environmental factors by canonical correspondence analysis (CCA). We carried out a series of investigations on LCs distribution in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea in July and December 2011. 210 samples from different depths were collected from 44 stations in summer and 217 samples were collected from 45 stations in winter. Totally 20 taxa belonging to coccolithophyceae were identified using a polarized microscope at the 1000 × magnification. The dominant species of the two seasons were Gephyrocapsa oceanica, Emiliania huxleyi, Helicosphaera carteri, and Algirosphaera robusta. In summer the abundance of coccolithophore cells and coccoliths ranged 0–176.40 cells mL−1, and 0–2144.98 coccoliths mL−1, with the average values of 8.45 cells mL−1, and 265.42 coccoliths mL−1, respectively. And in winter the abundance of cells and coccoliths ranged 0–71.66 cells mL−1, and 0–4698.99 coccoliths mL−1, with the average values of 13.91 cells mL−1 and 872.56 coccoliths mL−1, respectively. In summer, the LCs in surface layer were mainly observed on the coastal belt and southern part of the survey area. In winter, the LCs in surface layer had high value in the continental shelf area of section P. The comparison among section A, section F, section P and section E indicated lower species diversity and less abundance in the Yellow Sea than those in the East China Sea in both seasons. Temperature and the nitrate concentration may be the major environmental factors controlling the distribution and species composition of LCs in the studying area based on CCA.
Abbreviations: LCs: Living Coccolithophores; CCA: canonical correspondence analysis; DCM: Deep Chlorophyll Maximum