Articles | Volume 12, issue 14
Research article
 | Highlight paper
22 Jul 2015
Research article | Highlight paper |  | 22 Jul 2015

Evidence for biological shaping of hair ice

D. Hofmann, G. Preuss, and C. Mätzler


Total article views: 34,588 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
18,884 15,179 525 34,588 250 328
  • HTML: 18,884
  • PDF: 15,179
  • XML: 525
  • Total: 34,588
  • BibTeX: 250
  • EndNote: 328
Views and downloads (calculated since 02 Apr 2015)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 02 Apr 2015)


Saved (final revised paper)

Discussed (final revised paper)

Discussed (final revised paper)

Latest update: 21 Apr 2024
Short summary
We investigated an unusual ice type, called hair ice. It grows on the surface of dead wood of broad-leaf trees at temperatures slightly below 0°C. We describe this phenomenon and present our biological, physical, and chemical investigations to gain insight in the properties and processes related to hair ice: we found, that a winter-acive fungus in the wood is required. Ice segregation is the common mechanism. Chemical analyses show a complex mixture of several thousand lignin/tannin compounds.
Final-revised paper