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Volume 8, issue 8
Biogeosciences, 8, 2247–2255, 2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Biogeosciences, 8, 2247–2255, 2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 18 Aug 2011

Research article | 18 Aug 2011

Role of de novo biosynthesis in ecosystem scale monoterpene emissions from a boreal Scots pine forest

R. Taipale1, M. K. Kajos1, J. Patokoski1, P. Rantala1, T. M. Ruuskanen1,2, and J. Rinne1 R. Taipale et al.
  • 1University of Helsinki, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 64, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
  • 2University of Innsbruck, Institute of Ion Physics and Applied Physics, Technikerstr. 25, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria

Abstract. Monoterpene emissions from Scots pine have traditionally been assumed to originate as evaporation from specialized storage pools. More recently, the significance of de novo emissions, originating directly from monoterpene biosynthesis, has been recognized. To study the role of biosynthesis at the ecosystem scale, we measured monoterpene emissions from a Scots pine dominated forest in southern Finland using the disjunct eddy covariance method combined with proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry. The interpretation of the measurements was based on a correlation analysis and a hybrid emission algorithm describing both de novo and pool emissions. During the measurement period May–August 2007, the monthly medians of daytime emissions were 200, 290, 180, and 200 μg m−2 h−1. The emissions were partly light dependent, probably due to de novo biosynthesis. The emission potential for both de novo and pool emissions exhibited a decreasing summertime trend. The ratio of the de novo emission potential to the total emission potential varied between 30 % and 46 %. Although the monthly changes were not significant, the ratio always differed statistically from zero, suggesting that the role of de novo biosynthesis was observable. Given the uncertainties in this study, we conclude that more accurate estimates of the contribution of de novo emissions are required for improving monoterpene emission algorithms for Scots pine dominated forests.

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