Contrasting biogeochemistry of nitrogen in the Atlantic and Pacific Oxygen Minimum Zones
- 1Leibniz-Institut für Meereswissenschaften an der Universität Kiel (IFM-GEOMAR), Forschungsbereich Marine Biogeochemie, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, Kiel, Germany
- 2School for Marine Science and Technology (SMAST), University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, 285 Old Westport Road, North Dartmouth, MA, USA
- 3Halifax Marine Research Institute, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, P.O.~Box 15000, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4R2, Canada
Abstract. We present new data for the stable isotope ratio of inorganic nitrogen species from the contrasting oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) of the Eastern Tropical North Atlantic, south of Cape Verde, and the Eastern Tropical South Pacific off Peru. Differences in minimum oxygen concentration and corresponding N-cycle processes for the two OMZs are reflected in strongly contrasting δ15N distributions. Pacific surface waters are marked by strongly positive values for δ15N-NO3–) reflecting fractionation associated with subsurface N-loss and partial NO3– utilization. This contrasts with negative values in NO3– depleted surface waters of the Atlantic which are lower than can be explained by N supply via N2 fixation. We suggest the negative values reflect inputs of nitrate, possibly transient, associated with deposition of Saharan dust. Strong signals of N-loss processes in the subsurface Pacific OMZ are evident in the isotope and N2O data, both of which are compatible with a contribution of canonical denitrification to overall N-loss. However the apparent N isotope fractionation factor observed is relatively low (ϵd=11.4 ‰) suggesting an effect of influence from denitrification in sediments. Identical positive correlation of N2O vs. AOU for waters with oxygen concentrations ([O2] < 5 μmol l−1) in both regions reflect a nitrification source. Sharp decrease in N2O concentrations is observed in the Pacific OMZ due to denitrification under oxygen concentrations O2 < 5 μmol l−1.