Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2021-85
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2021-85

  22 Apr 2021

22 Apr 2021

Review status: this discussion paper is a preprint. It has been under review for the journal Biogeosciences (BG). The manuscript was not accepted for further review after discussion.

Reviews and syntheses: Enhancing research and monitoring of land-to-atmosphere greenhouse gases exchange in developing countries

Dong-Gill Kim1, Ben Bond-Lamberty2, Youngryel Ryu3, Bumsuk Seo4, and Dario Papale5,6 Dong-Gill Kim et al.
  • 1Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resources, Hawassa University, PO. Box 128, Shashemene, Ethiopia
  • 2Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Joint Global Change Research Institute at the University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
  • 3Department of Landscape Architecture and Rural Systems Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • 4Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Atmospheric Environmental Research (IMK-IFU), Kreuzeckbahnstr. 19, D-82467 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
  • 5Department for Innovation in Biological, Agro-food and Forest systems (DIBAF), University of Tuscia, Via San C. De Lellis s.n.c., 01100 Viterbo, Italy
  • 6Foundation Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change (CMCC)-Impacts on Agriculture, Forests and Ecosystem Services Division, 01100, Viterbo, Italy

Abstract. Greenhouse gas (GHG) research has traditionally required data collection and analysis using advanced and often expensive instruments, complex and proprietary software, and skilled technicians. Partly as a result, relatively little GHG research has been conducted in resource-constrained developing countries and a critical data gap exists in these regions. At the same time, these are the same countries and regions in which climate-change impacts will likely be strongest, and in which major science uncertainties are centered, given the importance of dryland and tropical systems to the global carbon cycle and climate. Increasingly, scientific communities have adopted appropriate technology and approach (AT&A) for GHG research, including low-cost and low-technology instruments, open source software and data, and participatory and networking-based research approaches. Adopting AT&A can mean acquiring data with fewer technical constraints and lower economic burden, and is thus a strategy for enhancing GHG research in developing countries. However, AT&A can be characterized by higher uncertainties; these can often be mitigated by carefully designing experimental set-up, providing clear protocols for data collection, and monitoring and validating the quality of obtained data. For implementing this approach in GHG research of developing countries, first, it is necessary to recognize the scientific and moral importance of AT&A. At the same time, new AT&A techniques should be identified and further developed. Finally, these processes should be promoted through training local staff and encouraged for wide use and further innovation in developing countries.

Dong-Gill Kim et al.

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on bg-2021-85', Anonymous Referee #1, 30 May 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Dong-Gill Kim, 25 Jun 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on bg-2021-85', Anonymous Referee #2, 31 May 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Dong-Gill Kim, 25 Jun 2021

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on bg-2021-85', Anonymous Referee #1, 30 May 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Dong-Gill Kim, 25 Jun 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on bg-2021-85', Anonymous Referee #2, 31 May 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Dong-Gill Kim, 25 Jun 2021

Dong-Gill Kim et al.

Dong-Gill Kim et al.

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Short summary
While greenhouse gas (GHG) research has adopted highly advanced technology some have adopted appropriate technology and approach (AT&A) such as low-cost instrument, open source software and participatory research and their results were well accepted by scientific communities. In terms of cost, feasibility and performance, integration of low-cost and low-technology, participatory and networking based research approaches can be AT&A for enhancing GHG research in developing countries.
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