01 Aug 2023
 | 01 Aug 2023
Status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal BG.

Decadal changes of anthropogenic carbon in the Atlantic 1990–2010

Reiner Steinfeldt, Monika Rhein, and Dagmar Kieke

Abstract. The Atlantic inventory of anthropogenic carbon (Cant) and its changes between 1990 and 2010 are investigated by applying the transit time distribution (TTD) method to anthropogenic tracer data. In contrast to previous TTD applications, here we take into account the admixture of old waters free of anthropogenic tracers. The greatest difference to other methods based on direct carbon observations is the higher Cant storage in the deep ocean. The results from the TTD method better reflects the observed distribution of other transient tracers such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Changes in oceanic circulation/ventilation are important on the regional scale. The enhanced upwelling of older water in the Southern Ocean and the decline in the convection depth in the Labrador Sea lead to deviations of the inferred Cant increase between 1990 and 2010 from the rate equivalent to a steady state ocean. For the total Atlantic Cant inventory, however, decadal ventilation variability of individual water masses is partially compensating each other, and the effect is small due to the much higher flushing time for the total Atlantic of the order of hundreds of years. The total Cant inventory increases from 39.7 ± 7.7 Pg C in 1990 to 54.6 ± 9.5 Pg C in 2010, almost in unison with the rising CO2 in the atmosphere. Only a reduction of the Atlantic ventilation over several decades would severely change this relationship.

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Reiner Steinfeldt, Monika Rhein, and Dagmar Kieke

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on bg-2023-113', Jens Daniel Müller, 10 Oct 2023
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC1', Reiner Steinfeldt, 01 Jan 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on bg-2023-113', Anonymous Referee #2, 25 Oct 2023
Reiner Steinfeldt, Monika Rhein, and Dagmar Kieke
Reiner Steinfeldt, Monika Rhein, and Dagmar Kieke


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Short summary
We calculate the amount of anthropogenic carbon (Cant) that is stored in the Atlantic Ocean for the years 1990, 2000, 2010. Cant is the carbon that is taken up by the ocean due to the rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations as a result of manmade CO2 emissions. However, most of the carbon in the ocean is natural. In order to determine the amount of Cant, we apply a special technique which is based on the observation of other manmade gases (e.g. CFCs).