Articles | Volume 12, issue 11
Research article
 | Highlight paper
03 Jun 2015
Research article | Highlight paper |  | 03 Jun 2015

Emergence of multiple ocean ecosystem drivers in a large ensemble suite with an Earth system model

K. B. Rodgers, J. Lin, and T. L. Frölicher


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Short summary
A large initial-condition ensemble suite of simulations with an Earth system model is applied to evaluate emergence characteristics of four ocean ecosystem drivers under climate change. The drivers considered are warming, acidification, deoxygenation, and perturbations to biological productivity. The spatial and temporal hierarchies of the emergence of these drivers are considered, using concepts of both time of emergence (ToE) and confidence intervals.
Final-revised paper