Articles | Volume 13, issue 10
Research article
19 May 2016
Research article |  | 19 May 2016

Contributions of dynamic environmental signals during life-cycle transitions to early life-history traits in lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Dougl.)

Yang Liu, Tongli Wang, and Yousry A. El-Kassaby


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Short summary
We explored the causes and consequences for the evolution of life-history traits (seed dormancy & size) in lodgepole pine in British Columbia, Canada and found that dynamic climate rather than constant geography are the environmental driving forces in seed dormancy and size variations. Evapotranspiration and precipitation are the most critical climate variables and we predicted that levels of seed dormancy in lodgepole pine would increase across large geographical tracts in 2050s.
Final-revised paper