Articles | Volume 16, issue 11
Biogeosciences, 16, 2285–2305, 2019
Biogeosciences, 16, 2285–2305, 2019

Research article 04 Jun 2019

Research article | 04 Jun 2019

Subaqueous speleothems (Hells Bells) formed by the interplay of pelagic redoxcline biogeochemistry and specific hydraulic conditions in the El Zapote sinkhole, Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico

Simon Michael Ritter et al.

Video supplement

Hells Bells - Under water speleothems from the Yucatán Peninsula S. Ritter

Short summary
Unique and spectacular under water speleothems termed as Hells Bells were recently reported from sinkholes (cenotes) of the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico. However, the mystery of their formation remained unresolved. Here, we present detailed geochemical analyses and delineate that the growth of Hells Bells results from a combination of biogeochemical processes and variable hydraulic conditions within the cenote.
Final-revised paper