Articles | Volume 19, issue 8
Biogeosciences, 19, 2211–2234, 2022
Biogeosciences, 19, 2211–2234, 2022
Research article
25 Apr 2022
Research article | 25 Apr 2022

Modelling submerged biofouled microplastics and their vertical trajectories

Reint Fischer et al.

Model code and software

OceanParcels / biofouling_3dtransport_2 Reint Fischer and Delphine Lobelle

Short summary
Since current estimates show that only about 1 % of the all plastic that enters the ocean is floating at the surface, we look at subsurface processes that can cause vertical movement of (micro)plastic. We investigate how modelled algal attachment and the ocean's vertical movement can cause particles to sink and oscillate in the open ocean. Particles can sink to depths of > 5000 m in regions with high wind intensity and mainly remain close to the surface with low winds and biological activity.
Final-revised paper