Articles | Volume 19, issue 14
Biogeosciences, 19, 3369–3380, 2022
Biogeosciences, 19, 3369–3380, 2022
Research article
22 Jul 2022
Research article | 22 Jul 2022

Relationship between extinction magnitude and climate change during major marine and terrestrial animal crises

Kunio Kaiho

Related subject area

Paleobiogeoscience: Climate Connection
Investigating controls of shell growth features in a foundation bivalve species: seasonal trends and decadal changes in the California mussel
Veronica Padilla Vriesman, Sandra J. Carlson, and Tessa M. Hill
Biogeosciences, 19, 329–346,,, 2022
Short summary
Monsoonal forcing of cold-water coral growth off southeastern Brazil during the past 160 kyr
André Bahr, Monika Doubrawa, Jürgen Titschack, Gregor Austermann, Andreas Koutsodendris, Dirk Nürnberg, Ana Luiza Albuquerque, Oliver Friedrich, and Jacek Raddatz
Biogeosciences, 17, 5883–5908,,, 2020
Short summary
What was the source of the atmospheric CO2 increase during the Holocene?
Victor Brovkin, Stephan Lorenz, Thomas Raddatz, Tatiana Ilyina, Irene Stemmler, Matthew Toohey, and Martin Claussen
Biogeosciences, 16, 2543–2555,,, 2019
Short summary
Climate and marine biogeochemistry during the Holocene from transient model simulations
Joachim Segschneider, Birgit Schneider, and Vyacheslav Khon
Biogeosciences, 15, 3243–3266,,, 2018
Short summary
Plant functional diversity affects climate–vegetation interaction
Vivienne P. Groner, Thomas Raddatz, Christian H. Reick, and Martin Claussen
Biogeosciences, 15, 1947–1968,,, 2018
Short summary

Cited articles

Balter, V., Renaud, S., Girard, C., and Joachimski, M. M.: Record of climate-driven morphological changes in 376 Ma Devonian fossils, Geology, 36, 907–910,, 2008. 
Bambach, R. K.: Phanerozoic biodiversity mass extinctions, Ann. Rev. Ear. Planet. Sci., 34, 127–155,, 2006. 
Barash, M. S.: Causes of the great mass extinction of marine organisms in the Late Devonian, Oceanology, 56, 863–875,, 2016. 
Benton, M. J., Ruta, M., Dunhill, A. M., and Sakamoto, M.: The first half of tetrapod evolution, sampling proxies, and fossil record quality, Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 372, 18–41,, 2013. 
Short summary
I found a good correlation between the mass extinction magnitudes of animals and surface temperature anomalies. The relation is good regardless of the difference between warming and cooling. Marine animals are more likely than tetrapods to become extinct under a habitat temperature anomaly. The extinction magnitudes are marked by abrupt global surface temperature anomalies and coincidental environmental changes associated with abrupt high-energy input by volcanism and impact.
Final-revised paper