Articles | Volume 19, issue 17
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-4287-2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-4287-2022
Research article
 | 
09 Sep 2022
Research article |  | 09 Sep 2022

Identifying the biological control of the annual and multi-year variations in South Atlantic air–sea CO2 flux

Daniel J. Ford, Gavin H. Tilstone, Jamie D. Shutler, and Vassilis Kitidis

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Latest update: 24 Apr 2024
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Short summary
This study explores the seasonal, inter-annual, and multi-year drivers of the South Atlantic air–sea CO2 flux. Our analysis showed seasonal sea surface temperatures dominate in the subtropics, and the subpolar regions correlated with biological processes. Inter-annually, the El Niño–Southern Oscillation correlated with the CO2 flux by modifying sea surface temperatures and biological activity. Long-term trends indicated an important biological contribution to changes in the air–sea CO2 flux.
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