Articles | Volume 20, issue 13
Research article
14 Jul 2023
Research article |  | 14 Jul 2023

Lichen species across Alaska produce highly active and stable ice nucleators

Rosemary J. Eufemio, Ingrid de Almeida Ribeiro, Todd L. Sformo, Gary A. Laursen, Valeria Molinero, Janine Fröhlich-Nowoisky, Mischa Bonn, and Konrad Meister


Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on bg-2022-239', Anonymous Referee #1, 22 Jan 2023
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Konrad Meister, 09 Feb 2023
  • RC2: 'Comment on bg-2022-239', Anonymous Referee #2, 09 Feb 2023
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Konrad Meister, 15 Feb 2023

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision | EF: Editorial file upload
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by editor) (27 Feb 2023) by Paul Stoy
AR by Konrad Meister on behalf of the Authors (28 Feb 2023)  Author's response   Author's tracked changes   Manuscript 
ED: Publish as is (10 Mar 2023) by Paul Stoy
AR by Konrad Meister on behalf of the Authors (13 Mar 2023)  Manuscript 
Short summary
Lichens, the dominant vegetation in the Arctic, contain ice nucleators (INs) that enable freezing close to 0°C. Yet the abundance, diversity, and function of lichen INs is unknown. Our screening of lichens across Alaska reveal that most species have potent INs. We find that lichens contain two IN populations which retain activity under environmentally relevant conditions. The ubiquity and stability of lichen INs suggest that they may have considerable impacts on local atmospheric patterns.
Final-revised paper