Articles | Volume 7, issue 8
Biogeosciences, 7, 2545–2556, 2010

Special issue: Modeling soil system: complexity under your feet

Biogeosciences, 7, 2545–2556, 2010

  25 Aug 2010

25 Aug 2010

Characterization of broom fibers for PRB in the remediation of aquifers contaminated by heavy metals

C. Fallico, S. Troisi, A. Molinari, and M. F. Rivera C. Fallico et al.
  • University of Calabria, Department of Soil Conservation, Rende (CS), Italy

Abstract. The present level of pollution, increasingly involving ground waters, constitutes a serious risk to the environment and also to human health. Therefore the remediation of saturated and unsaturated soils to remove pollutant materials is more and more frequently required. In the present paper, the possibility of removing heavy metals by permeable reactive barrier (PRB) from the groundwater carried out specifically with broom fibers, is investigated.

Once shown the economic benefits deriving from the use of this plant, a hydraulic characterization of the broom fiber mass was performed, determining the permeability and the porosity in correspondence to different levels of compactness of the fibers.

Having verified the effectiveness of removal of some heavy metals by these fibers, the results of some experiments, carried out in the laboratory for this purpose, are shown. These experiments were carried out utilizing broom fibers obtained in different ways and, limitedly to the considered pollutants, showed the high capability of these fibers to reduce their concentrations. The best results were obtained for the broom fibers extracted by a particular chemical-physical process.

Moreover, the behaviour of this fiber with time was investigated, determining the kinetic constant of degradation.

Final-revised paper