Departamento de Engenharia Agrícola, Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa, MG, Brazil
Abstract. Climate, fire and soil nutritional limitation are important elements that affect the vegetation dynamics in areas of forest-savanna transition. In this paper, we use the dynamic vegetation model INLAND to evaluate the influence of climate variability, fire and phosphorus limitation on the Amazon-Cerrado transitional vegetation structure and dynamics. We assess how each element affects the net primary production, leaf area index and biomass and compare the simulations of aboveground biomass to observed biomass map. We used two climate datasets – the 1960–1990 average seasonal climate and the 1948 to 2008 interannual climate variability, two regional datasets of total soil P content in soil, based on regional (field measurements) and global data and the INLAND fire module. Our results show that climate interannual variability, phosphorus limitation and fire occurrence gradually improve simulated vegetation types and these effects are not homogeneous along the latitudinal/longitudinal gradient showing a synergistic effect among them. In terms of magnitude, the effect of fire is stronger, and is the main driver of vegetation changes along the transition. The nutritional limitation, in turn, is stronger than the effect of climate variability acting on the transitional ecosystems dynamics. Overall, INLAND typically simulates more than 80 % of the biomass variability in the transition zone. However, in many places, the biomass is clearly not well simulated indicating that important soil and physiological factors in the Amazon-Cerrado border, such as lithology and water table depth, carbon allocation strategies and mortality rates, still need to be included in the model.
How to cite. da Silva, E. A. D., Costa, M. H., Castanho, A. A., Pires, G. F., Schwantes Marimon, B., Marimon-Junior, B. H., Lenza, E., and Pimenta, F. M.: Influence of climate variability, fire and phosphorus limitation on the vegetation structure and dynamics in the Amazon-Cerrado border, Biogeosciences Discuss. [preprint], https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2016-510, 2016.
Received: 23 Nov 2016 – Discussion started: 29 Nov 2016
This study uses a dynamic vegetation model to evaluate the role of interannual climate variability, fire occurrence and phosphorus limitation on the vegetation dynamics and structure in the Amazon-Cerrado transition. We show that the inclusion of these factors gradually improve the simulation of vegetation types and, although the model typically simulates more than 80% of the variability of biomass in the transition zone, model improvements are still needed.
This study uses a dynamic vegetation model to evaluate the role of interannual climate...