Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2017-511
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2017-511
11 Jan 2018
 | 11 Jan 2018
Status: this discussion paper is a preprint. It has been under review for the journal Biogeosciences (BG). The manuscript was not accepted for further review after discussion.

Plants in movement – Floristic and climatic characterization of the New Jersey hinterland during the Palaeogene–Neogene transition in relation to major glaciation events

Sabine Prader, Ulrich Kotthoff, Francine M.G. McCarthy, Gerhard Schmiedl, Timme H. Donders, and David R. Greenwood

Abstract. Mid-Oligocene to Early Miocene terrestrial palynomorphs from the New Jersey hinterland (eastern North America: IODP-Expedition 313) were analysed, using light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, to infer altitudinal spatial and long-term temporal vegetation migration in context of global climate change. The mesophytic forest was the most widespread vegetation type in the hinterland, with Quercus (Group Quercus, Quercus/Lobatae and aff. Group Protobalanus) being the dominant taxon. Pollen grains of the extinct genus Eotrigonobalanus (Fagaceae) are documented. To infer possible topographic palaeovegetation movements during the selected time interval terrestrial palynomorphs were assigned to six vegetation units. Relative abundances of vegetation units show weak temporal and spatial fluctuations, with the sum of bisaccate pollen grains being most pronounced. Periodic changes in vegetation units suggest movements of the plant cover responding to orbital-scale glacial-interglacial changes of the Oligocene and early Miocene. Relative abundances of several taxa (e.g. Carya) did not change significantly during the Oligocene, but alterations are recognizable when compared with an already published late Middle Miocene record from the same area, probably indicating biotic responds to environment change. A pollen-based bioclimatic analysis with four standard parameters (mean annual temperature, mean temperatures of the coldest and warmest month, mean annual precipitation) was performed to reconstruct palaeoclimatic changes indicating weak fluctuations in temperature and precipitation.

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Sabine Prader, Ulrich Kotthoff, Francine M.G. McCarthy, Gerhard Schmiedl, Timme H. Donders, and David R. Greenwood
 
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Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
Sabine Prader, Ulrich Kotthoff, Francine M.G. McCarthy, Gerhard Schmiedl, Timme H. Donders, and David R. Greenwood
Sabine Prader, Ulrich Kotthoff, Francine M.G. McCarthy, Gerhard Schmiedl, Timme H. Donders, and David R. Greenwood

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Short summary
The observed palaeovegetation movement signals probably correspond to several glacial phases of the middle Oligocene and Early Miocene and might be best reflected within peaks of the conifer forests. Glacial phases exposed shallow shelf areas and allowed the spreading of substrate-depending forest formations. Temperature estimates revealing relative stable humid warm temperate conditions. A Sporadic occurred extinct taxon widens the understanding of its distribution pattern during the Cenozoic.
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