08 Sep 2021
 | 08 Sep 2021
Status: this preprint has been withdrawn by the authors.

Effect of vegetation distribution driven by hydrological fluctuation on sedimental stoichiometry regulating N2O emissions in freshwater wetland

Huazu Liu, Qiu Jin, Ruijie Shi, Chengxu Lv, Junxiao Luo, Yan He, Wei Yang, Xiaoguang Xu, Shenhua Qian, and Wei Li

Abstract. Hydrological conditions drive the distribution of plant communities in wetlands to form vegetation zones where the material cycling varies with plant species. This mediation effect caused by the distribution of vegetation under hydrological conditions will affect the emission of N2O during the nitrogen migration in wetlands. In this study, five vegetation zones in the second largest wetland of China were investigated in situ during high and low water levels to elucidate the effect mediated by vegetation. With the increase in the rate of change of water levels, the zones of the mud flat, nymphoides, phalaris, carex, and reeds were distributed in sequence in the wetland, and the densities of carbon and nitrogen sequestrated by plants also increased. The carbon and nitrogen densities in each zone during low water level was significantly higher than that during high water level, while the organic carbon and the total nitrogen of sediments during high water level was higher. Sediments converted between source and sink for both carbon and nitrogen, during the annual fluctuation in water level. The flux in N2O emissions showed significant differences between the vegetation zones during each water level period. The emission flux decreased with the increasing C : N ratio in sediments, approximating the threshold at 0.23 μg m−2 h−1 when the C : N ratio > 25. The phylum abundance of Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, and Chloroflexi in sediments increased with flooding. The denitrifying nirS and nirK genes and anammox hzsB gene were significantly affected by water level fluctuation, with the maximal variations of these genes occurring in the mud flat and nymphoides zone. The results indicate that the distribution of plants under hydrological conditions modified the stoichiometric ratio of sediments, resulting in the variations of N2O emission fluxes and microbial communities in vegetation zones. Therefore, hydraulic regulation rather than direct planting would be an effective strategy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in freshwater wetlands.

This preprint has been withdrawn.

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Huazu Liu, Qiu Jin, Ruijie Shi, Chengxu Lv, Junxiao Luo, Yan He, Wei Yang, Xiaoguang Xu, Shenhua Qian, and Wei Li

Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on bg-2021-208', Anonymous Referee #1, 30 Sep 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Wei Li, 05 Jan 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on bg-2021-208', Anonymous Referee #2, 10 Dec 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Wei Li, 05 Jan 2022