Articles | Volume 15, issue 16
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-5131-2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-5131-2018
Research article
 | 
27 Aug 2018
Research article |  | 27 Aug 2018

Conversion of tropical forests to smallholder rubber and oil palm plantations impacts nutrient leaching losses and nutrient retention efficiency in highly weathered soils

Syahrul Kurniawan, Marife D. Corre, Amanda L. Matson, Hubert Schulte-Bisping, Sri Rahayu Utami, Oliver van Straaten, and Edzo Veldkamp

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Cited articles

Allen, K., Corre, M. D., Tjoa, A., and Veldkamp, E.: Soil nitrogen-cycling responses to conversion of lowland forests to oil palm and rubber plantations in Sumatra, Indonesia, PLoS ONE, 10, e0133325, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133325, 2015. 
Allen, K., Corre, M. D., Kurniawan, S., Utami, S. R., and Veldkamp, E.: Spatial variability surpasses land-use change effects on soil biochemical properties of converted lowland landscapes in Sumatra, Indonesia, Geoderma, 284, 42–50, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2016.08.010, 2016. 
Anuar, A. R., Goh, K. J., Heoh, T. B., and Ahmed, O. H.: Spatial variability of soil inorganic N in a mature oil palm plantation in Sabah, Malaysia, Am. J. Appl. Sci., 5, 1239–1246, 2008. 
Balasubramanian, R., Victor, T., and Begum, R.: Impact of biomass burning on rainwater acidity and composition in Singapore, J. Geophys. Res.-Biogeo., 104, 26881–26890, 1999. 
Banabas, M., Turner, M. A., Scotter, D. R., and Nelson, P. N.: Losses of nitrogen fertiliser under oil palm in Papua New Guinea: 1. Water balance, and nitrogen in soil solution and runoff, Aust. J. Soil Res., 46, 332–339, https://doi.org/10.1071/SR07171, 2008. 
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Short summary
Our study generates information to aid policies and improve soil management practices for minimizing the negative impacts of forest conversion to rubber and oil palm plantations while maintaining production. Compared to forests, the fertilized areas of oil palm plantations had higher leaching of N, organic C, and base cations, whereas the unfertilized rubber plantations showed lower leaching of dissolved P and organic C. These signaled a decrease in extant soil fertility and groundwater quality.
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