Articles | Volume 18, issue 4
Biogeosciences, 18, 1499–1510, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-18-1499-2021
Biogeosciences, 18, 1499–1510, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-18-1499-2021

Research article 03 Mar 2021

Research article | 03 Mar 2021

What determines the sign of the evapotranspiration response to afforestation in European summer?

Marcus Breil et al.

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Cited articles

Bonan, G. B.: Forests and climate change: forcings, feedbacks, and the climate benefits of forests, Science, 320, 1444–1449, 2008. 
Bonan, G. B., Oleson, K. W., Fisher, R. A., Lasslop, G., and Reichstein, M.: Reconciling leaf physiological traits and canopy flux data: Use of the TRY and FLUXNET databases in the Community Land Model version 4, J. Geophys. Res.-Biogeosci., 117, 2012. 
Breil, M. and Schädler, G.: Quantification of the uncertainties in soil and vegetation parameterizations for regional climate simulations in Europe, J. Hydrometeorol., 18, 1535–1548, 2017. 
Breil, M., Rechid, D., Davin, E. L., de Noblet-Ducoudré, N., Katragkou, E., Cardoso, R. M., Hoffmann, P., Jach, L. L., Soares, P. M. M., Sofiadis, G., Strada, S., Strandberg, G., Tölle, M. H., and Warrach-Sagi, K.: The Opposing Effects of Reforestation and Afforestation on the Diurnal Temperature Cycle at the Surface and in the Lowest Atmospheric Model Level in the European Summer, J. Climate, 33, 9159–9179, 2020. 
Bright, R. M., Davin, E., O'Halloran, T., Pongratz, J., Zhao, K., and Cescatti, A.: Local temperature response to land cover and management change driven by non-radiative processes, Nat. Clim. Change, 7, 296–302, 2017. 
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The physical processes behind varying evapotranspiration rates in forests and grasslands in Europe are investigated in a regional model study with idealized afforestation scenarios. The results show that the evapotranspiration response to afforestation depends on the interplay of two counteracting factors: the transpiration facilitating characteristics of a forest and the reduced saturation deficits of forests caused by an increased surface roughness and associated lower surface temperatures.
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