Journal cover Journal topic
Biogeosciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic
Volume 8, issue 11
Biogeosciences, 8, 3407–3421, 2011
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-8-3407-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Biogeosciences, 8, 3407–3421, 2011
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-8-3407-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  28 Nov 2011

28 Nov 2011

Age-related and stand-wise estimates of carbon stocks and sequestration in the aboveground coarse wood biomass of wetland forests in the northern Pantanal, Brazil

J. Schöngart1,2,3, J. Arieira3,4, C. Felfili Fortes4, E. Cezarine de Arruda3,4, and C. Nunes da Cunha3,4 J. Schöngart et al.
  • 1Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Biogeochemistry Department, P.O. Box 3060, 55020 Mainz, Germany
  • 2Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Av. André Araújo 2936, P.O. Box 478, 69011-970 Manaus-AM, Brazil
  • 3Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Áreas Úmidas (INAU), Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá-MT, 78060-900, Brazil
  • 4Núcleo de Estudos Ecológicos do Pantanal (NEPA), Instituto de Biociências, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá-MT, 78060-900, Brazil

Abstract. In this study we use allometric models combined with tree ring analysis to estimate carbon stocks and sequestration in the aboveground coarse wood biomass (AGWB) of wetland forests in the Pantanal, located in central South America. In four 1-ha plots in stands characterized by the pioneer tree species Vochysia divergens Pohl (Vochysiaceae) forest inventories (trees ≥10 cm diameter at breast height, D) have been performed and converted to estimates of AGWB by two allometric models using three independent parameters (D, tree height H and wood density ρ). We perform a propagation of measurement errors to estimate uncertainties in the estimates of AGWB. Carbon stocks of AGWB vary from 7.8 ± 1.5 to 97.2 ± 14.4 Mg C ha−1 between the four stands. From models relating tree ages determined by dendrochronological techniques to C-stocks in AGWB we derived estimates for C-sequestration which differs from 0.50 ± 0.03 to 3.34 ± 0.31 Mg C ha−1 yr−1. Maps based on geostatistic techniques indicate the heterogeneous spatial distribution of tree ages and C-stocks of the four studied stands. This distribution is the result of forest dynamics due to the colonizing and retreating of V. divergens and other species associated with pluriannual wet and dry episodes in the Pantanal, respectively. Such information is essential for the management of the cultural landscape of the Pantanal wetlands.

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