Articles | Volume 18, issue 14
Biogeosciences, 18, 4431–4444, 2021
Biogeosciences, 18, 4431–4444, 2021

Research article 28 Jul 2021

Research article | 28 Jul 2021

Ice nucleation by viruses and their potential for cloud glaciation

Michael P. Adams et al.


Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on bg-2020-474', Anonymous Referee #1, 03 Mar 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Benjamin Murray, 14 Apr 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on bg-2020-474', Anonymous Referee #2, 09 Mar 2021
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC2', Benjamin Murray, 14 Apr 2021

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (18 Apr 2021) by Paul Stoy
AR by Benjamin Murray on behalf of the Authors (26 Apr 2021)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (30 Apr 2021) by Paul Stoy
RR by Anonymous Referee #2 (15 May 2021)
ED: Publish as is (01 Jun 2021) by Paul Stoy
Short summary
The formation of ice in clouds is critically important for the planet's climate. Hence, we need to know which aerosol types nucleate ice and how effectively they do so. Here we show that virus particles, with a range of architectures, nucleate ice when immersed in supercooled water. However, we also show that they only make a minor contribution to the ice-nucleating particle population in the terrestrial atmosphere, but we cannot rule them out as being important in the marine environment.
Final-revised paper