Individual- and stand-level stem CO2 efflux in a subtropical Schima superba plantation
- 1South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China
- 2Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Abstract. Stem respiration is an important, but poorly studied component of total forest ecosystem respiration. Stem CO2 efflux was investigated with an open gas exchange system while stand microclimate and stem temperature were continuously monitored in a Schima superba plantation in South China for several days in August and December 2010. The temperature response of respiration in the different seasons, the vertical variation in stem CO2 efflux along the stem, and the stand-level stem CO2 efflux were examined. Stem volume was identified as the better correlate for stem CO2 efflux and was used as the scalar for the stand-level estimates of stem CO2 efflux in this S. superba plantation. Volume-based stem CO2 efflux was higher at 2 m than at 1.3 m. Mean stem CO2 efflux was 268.9 and 104.6 μmol m−3 s−1 in August and December, respectively, indicating a dramatic seasonal variation of stem CO2 efflux. The temperature response of stem CO2 efflux remained constant during our study period with Q10 values of 1.9 and 1.8. In this subtropical S. superba plantation, stem CO2 efflux per unit ground area averaged 3.36 and 1.26 μmol m−2 s−1 based on the measurement data at 1.3-m height of the stem in August and December, respectively. Our results suggest that stem CO2 efflux has a constant temperature response, and the seasonal variation in stem CO2 efflux is mainly controlled by stem temperature, and the vertical variation in stem CO2 efflux needs to be considered in the stand-level estimation.