Articles | Volume 13, issue 18
Biogeosciences, 13, 5297–5314, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-13-5297-2016
Biogeosciences, 13, 5297–5314, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-13-5297-2016

Research article 22 Sep 2016

Research article | 22 Sep 2016

Clumped isotopes in near-surface atmospheric CO2 over land, coast and ocean in Taiwan and its vicinity

Amzad Hussain Laskar and Mao-Chang Liang

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ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (Editor review) (11 Jul 2016) by Yakov Kuzyakov
AR by Svenja Lange on behalf of the Authors (04 Aug 2016)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (29 Aug 2016) by Yakov Kuzyakov
AR by Amzad Laskar on behalf of the Authors (03 Sep 2016)  Author's response    Manuscript
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Short summary
We present clumped isotope data in air CO2 over land and ocean in Taiwan and its vicinity. CO2 over ocean is in thermodynamic equilibrium with the surface sea water and deviated significantly in urban and suburban areas due contribution from combustion emission. Photosynthetic activity deviates residual CO2 from thermodynamic equilibrium but respiration does not. Deviations from thermodynamic equilibrium by various interactions in different environments are presented.
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