Articles | Volume 14, issue 23
Biogeosciences, 14, 5607–5632, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-5607-2017
Biogeosciences, 14, 5607–5632, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-5607-2017

Research article 12 Dec 2017

Research article | 12 Dec 2017

Reconstructing Holocene temperature and salinity variations in the western Baltic Sea region: a multi-proxy comparison from the Little Belt (IODP Expedition 347, Site M0059)

Ulrich Kotthoff et al.

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Cited articles

Andrén, E., Andrén, T., and Kunzendorf, H.: Holocene history of the Baltic Sea as a background for assessing records of human impact in the sediments of the Gotland Basin, The Holocene, 10, 687–702, https://doi.org/10.1191/09596830094944, 2000.
Andrén, T., Björck, S., Andrén, E., Conley, D., Zillén, L., and Anjar, J.: The development of the Baltic Sea basin during the last 130 ka, in: The Baltic Sea Basin, edited by: Harff, J., Björck, S., and Hoth, P., Springer, Berlin, 75–97, 2011.
Andrén, T., Jørgensen, B. B., Cotterill, C., and the Expedition 347 Scientists: Baltic Sea Paleoenvironment, Proceedings IODP, 347, College Station, TX, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, https://doi.org/10.2204/iodp.proc.347.101.2015, 2015a.
Andrén, T., Jørgensen, B. B., Cotteril, C., Green, S., and the IODP expedition 347 scientific party: Baltic Sea basin paleoenvironment and biosphere, Scientific Drilling, 20, 1–12, https://doi.org/10.5194/sd-20-1-2015, 2015b.
Anjar, J., Adrielsson, L., Bennike, O., Björck, S., Filipsson, H. L., Groeneveld, J., Knudsen, K. L., Larsen, N. K., and Möller, P.: Palaeoenvironmental history of the Baltic Sea basin during Marine Isotope Stage 3, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 34, 81–92, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.12.009, 2012.
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We present reconstructions of paleotemperature, paleosalinity, and paleoecology from the Little Belt (Site M0059) over the past ~ 8000 years and evaluate the applicability of numerous proxies. Conditions were lacustrine until ~ 7400 cal yr BP. A transition to brackish–marine conditions then occurred within ~ 200 years. Salinity proxies rarely allowed quantitative estimates but revealed congruent results, while quantitative temperature reconstructions differed depending on the proxies used.
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