Articles | Volume 15, issue 13
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-4245-2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-4245-2018
Research article
 | 
13 Jul 2018
Research article |  | 13 Jul 2018

Large but decreasing effect of ozone on the European carbon sink

Rebecca J. Oliver, Lina M. Mercado, Stephen Sitch, David Simpson, Belinda E. Medlyn, Yan-Shih Lin, and Gerd A. Folberth

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Cited articles

Ainsworth, E. and Long, S.: What have we learned from 15 years of free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE)? A meta-analytic review of the responses of photosynthesis, canopy properties and plant production to rising CO2, New Phytol., 165, 351–372, 2005.
Ainsworth, E. A., Davey, P. A., Hymus, G. J., Osborne, C. P., Rogers, A., Blum, H., Nosberger, J., and Long, S. P.: Is stimulation of leaf photosynthesis by elevated carbon dioxide concentration maintained in the long term? A test with Lolium perenne grown for 10 years at two nitrogen fertilization levels under Free Air CO2 Enrichment (FACE), Plant, Cell Environ., 26, 705–714, 2003.
Ainsworth, E. A.: Rice production in a changing climate: a meta-analysis of responses to elevated carbon dioxide and elevated ozone concentration, Glob. Change Biol., 14, 1642–1650, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01594.x, 2008.
Ainsworth, E. A., Yendrek, C. R., Sitch, S., Collins, W. J., and Emberson, L. D.: The Effects of Tropospheric Ozone on Net Primary Productivity and Implications for Climate Change, Annu. Rev. Plant Biol., 63, 637–661, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-arplant-042110-103829, 2012.
Anav, A., Menut, L., Khvorostyanov, D., and Viovy, N.: Impact of tropospheric ozone on the Euro-Mediterranean vegetation, Glob. Change Biol., 17, 2342–2359, 2011.
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Short summary
Potential gains in terrestrial carbon sequestration over Europe from elevated CO2 can be partially offset by concurrent rises in tropospheric O3. The land surface model JULES was run in a factorial suite of experiments showing that by 2050 simulated GPP was reduced by 4 to 9 % due to plant O3 damage. Large regional variations exist with larger impacts identified for temperate compared to boreal regions. Plant O3 damage was greatest over the twentieth century and declined into the future.
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