Articles | Volume 21, issue 2
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-21-513-2024
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-21-513-2024
Research article
 | 
25 Jan 2024
Research article |  | 25 Jan 2024

Large contribution of soil N2O emission to the global warming potential of a large-scale oil palm plantation despite changing from conventional to reduced management practices

Guantao Chen, Edzo Veldkamp, Muhammad Damris, Bambang Irawan, Aiyen Tjoa, and Marife D. Corre

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Cited articles

Adachi, M., Bekku, Y. S., Rashidah, W., Okuda, T., and Koizumi, H.: Differences in soil respiration between different tropical ecosystems, Appl. Soil Ecol., 34, 258–265, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2006.01.006, 2006. 
Aini, F. K., Hergoualc'h, K., Smith, J. U., and Verchot, L.: Nitrous oxide emissions along a gradient of tropical forest disturbance on mineral soils in Sumatra, Agr. Ecosyst. Environ., 214, 107–117, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2015.08.022, 2015. 
Aini, F. K., Hergoualc'h, K., Smith, J. U., Verchot, L., and Martius, C.: How does replacing natural forests with rubber and oil palm plantations affect soil respiration and methane fluxes?, Ecosphere, 11, e03284, https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.3284, 2020. 
Allen, K., Corre, M. D., Tjoa, A., and Veldkamp, E.: Soil Nitrogen-Cycling Responses to Conversion of Lowland Forests to Oil Palm and Rubber Plantations in Sumatra, Indonesia, PLOS One, 10, e0133325, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133325, 2015. 
Allen, K., Corre, M. D., Kurniawan, S., Utami, S. R., and Veldkamp, E.: Spatial variability surpasses land-use change effects on soil biochemical properties of converted lowland landscapes in Sumatra, Indonesia, Geoderma, 284, 42–50, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2016.08.010, 2016. 
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Short summary
We established an oil palm management experiment in a large-scale oil palm plantation in Jambi, Indonesia. We recorded oil palm fruit yield and measured soil CO2, N2O, and CH4 fluxes. After 4 years of treatment, compared with conventional fertilization with herbicide weeding, reduced fertilization with mechanical weeding did not reduce yield and soil greenhouse gas emissions, which highlights the legacy effects of over a decade of conventional management prior to the start of the experiment.
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