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BG | Articles | Volume 17, issue 6
Biogeosciences, 17, 1451–1462, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-17-1451-2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Biogeosciences, 17, 1451–1462, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-17-1451-2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 23 Mar 2020

Research article | 23 Mar 2020

The pH-based ecological coherence of active canonical methanotrophs in paddy soils

Jun Zhao et al.

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Cited articles

Aigle, A., Prosser, J. I., and Gubry-Rangin, C.: The application of high-throughput sequencing technology to analysis of amoA phylogeny and environmental niche specialisation of terrestrial bacterial ammonia-oxidisers, Environ. Microbiomes, 14, 3, https://doi.org/10.1186/s40793-019-0342-6, 2019. 
Alam, M. S. and Jia, Z.: Inhibition of methane oxidation by nitrogenous fertilizers in a paddy soil, Front. Microbiol., 3, 246, https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2012.00246, 2012. 
Bedard, C. and Knowles, R.: Physiology, biochemistry, and specific inhibitors of CH4, NH4+, and CO oxidation by methanotrophs and nitrifiers, Microbiol. Rev., 53, 68–84, 1989. 
Belova, S. E., Kulichevskaya, I. S., Bodelier, P. L. E., and Dedysh, S. N.: Methylocystis bryophila sp. nov., a facultatively methanotrophic bacterium from acidic Sphagnum peat, and emended description of the genus Methylocystis (ex Whittenbury et al. 1970) Bowman et al. 1993, Int. J. Syst. Evol. Micr., 63, 1096–1104, https://doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.043505-0, 2013. 
Bodelier, P. L. E., Roslev, P., Henckel, T., and Frenzel, P.: Stimulation by ammonium-based fertilizers of methane oxidation in soil around rice roots, Nature, 403, 421–424, https://doi.org/10.1038/35000193, 2000. 
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We show that soil pH is a key factor in selecting distinct phylotypes of methanotrophs in paddy soils. Type II methanotrophs dominated the methane oxidation in low-pH soils, while type I methanotrophs were more active in high-pH soils. This pH-based niche differentiation of active methanotrophs appeared to be independent of nitrogen fertilization, but the inhibition of type II methanotrophic rate in low-pH soils by the fertilization might aggravate the emission of methane from paddy soils.
We show that soil pH is a key factor in selecting distinct phylotypes of methanotrophs in paddy...
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