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Volume 13, issue 11
Biogeosciences, 13, 3387–3396, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-13-3387-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Biogeosciences, 13, 3387–3396, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-13-3387-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 09 Jun 2016

Research article | 09 Jun 2016

Climate impacts on multidecadal pCO2 variability in the North Atlantic: 1948–2009

Melissa L. Breeden and Galen A. McKinley

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Cited articles

Antonov, J. I., Locarnini, R. A., Boyer, T. P., Mishonov, A. V., and Garcia, H. E.: World Ocean Atlas 2005, vol. 2, Salinity, NOAA Atlas NESDIS 62, edited by: Levitus, S., US Govt. Print. Off., Washington, D. C., 182 pp., 2006.
Bates, N. R.: Interannual variability of the oceanic CO2 sink in the subtropical gyre of the North Atlantic Ocean over the last 2 decades, J. Geophys. Res., 112, C09013, https://doi.org/10.1029/2006JC003759, 2007.
Bennington, V., McKinley, G. A., Dutkiewicz, S., and Ullman, D.: What does chlorophyll variability tell us about export and CO2 flux variability in the North Atlantic?, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 23, GB3002, https://doi.org/10.1029/2008GB003241, 2009.
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Natural variability of the North Atlantic carbon cycle is modeled for 1948–2009. The dominant mode of surface ocean CO2 variability is associated with sea surface temperature (SST) variability composed of (a) the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) and (b) a positive SST trend. In the subpolar gyre, positive AMO is associated with reduced vertical mixing that lowers pCO2. In the subtropical gyre, AMO-associated warming increases pCO2. Since 1980, the SST trend has amplified AMO impacts.
Natural variability of the North Atlantic carbon cycle is modeled for 1948–2009. The dominant...
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