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BG | Articles | Volume 15, issue 4
Biogeosciences, 15, 1149–1160, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-1149-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Special issue: Biological soil crusts and their role in biogeochemical processes...

Biogeosciences, 15, 1149–1160, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-1149-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 23 Feb 2018

Research article | 23 Feb 2018

Uncovering biological soil crusts: carbon content and structure of intact Arctic, Antarctic and alpine biological soil crusts

Patrick Jung et al.

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Cited articles

Amundson, R.: The carbon budget in soils, Annu. Rev. Earth Pl. Sc., 29, 535–562, 2001. 
Bálint, M., Domisch, S., Engelhardt, C. H. M., Haase, P., Lehrian, S., Sauer, J., Theissinger, K., Pauls, S. U., and Nowak, C.: Cryptic biodiversity loss linked to global climate change, Nat. Clim. Change, 1, 313–318, 2011. 
Bañón, M., Justel, A., Velázquez, D., and Quesada, A.: Regional weather survey on Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica, Antarct. Sci., 25, 146–156, 2013. 
Barták, M., Váczi, P., and Hájek, J.: Photosynthetic activity in three vascular species of Spitsbergen vegetation during summer season in response to microclimate, Pol. Polar Res., 33, 443–462, 2012. 
Bayard, D., Stähli, M., Parriaux, A., and Flühler, H.: The influence of seasonally frozen soil on the snowmelt runoff at two Alpine sites in southern Switzerland, J. Hydrol., 309, 66–84, 2005. 
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Short summary
Arctic, Antarctic and alpine biological soil crusts (BSCs) are formed by adhesion of soil particles to cyanobacteria. BSCs influence ecosystems services like soil erodibility and chemical cycles. In cold environments degradation rates are low and BSCs increase soil organic carbon through photosynthesis, whereby these soils are considered as CO2 sinks. This work provides a novel method to visualize BSCs with a focus on cyanobacteria and their contribution to soil organic carbon.
Arctic, Antarctic and alpine biological soil crusts (BSCs) are formed by adhesion of soil...
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