Articles | Volume 15, issue 19
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-5847-2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-5847-2018
Reviews and syntheses
 | 
05 Oct 2018
Reviews and syntheses |  | 05 Oct 2018

Reviews and syntheses: Ocean iron fertilization experiments – past, present, and future looking to a future Korean Iron Fertilization Experiment in the Southern Ocean (KIFES) project

Joo-Eun Yoon, Kyu-Cheul Yoo, Alison M. Macdonald, Ho-Il Yoon, Ki-Tae Park, Eun Jin Yang, Hyun-Cheol Kim, Jae Il Lee, Min Kyung Lee, Jinyoung Jung, Jisoo Park, Jiyoung Lee, Soyeon Kim, Seong-Su Kim, Kitae Kim, and Il-Nam Kim

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Cited articles

Abbott, M. R., Richman, J. G., and Bartlett, J. S.: The spring bloom in the Antarctic Polar Frontal Zone as observed from a mesoscale array of bio-optical sensors. Deep-Sea Res. Pt. II, 47, 3285–3314, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0645(00)00069-2, 2000. 
Abelmann, A., Gersonde, R., Cortese, G., Kuhn, G., and Smetacek, V.: Extensive phytoplankton blooms in the Atlantic sector of the glacial Southern Ocean, Paleoceanography, 21, PA1013, https://doi.org/10.1029/2005PA001199, 2006. 
Abraham, E. R., Law, C. S., Boyd, P. W., Lavender, S. J., Maldonado, M. T., and Bowie, A. R.: Importance of stirring in the development of an iron-fertilized phytoplankton bloom, Nature, 407, 727–730, https://doi.org/10.1038/35037555, 2000. 
ACE CRC: Position Analysis: Ocean Fertilisation: Science and Policy Issues, ACE CRC, Hobart, 2008. 
ACE CRC: Position Analysis: Ocean Fertilisation, ACE CRC, Hobart, 2015. 
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Our paper provides an intensive overview of the artificial ocean iron fertilization (aOIF) experiments conducted over the last 25 years to test Martin’s hypothesis, discusses aOIF-related important unanswered open questions, suggests considerations for the design of future aOIF experiments to maximize their effectiveness, and introduces design guidelines for a future Korean Iron Fertilization Experiment in the Southern Ocean.
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