Articles | Volume 20, issue 14
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-20-2919-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-20-2919-2023
Research article
 | 
21 Jul 2023
Research article |  | 21 Jul 2023

Primary succession and its driving variables – a sphere-spanning approach applied in proglacial areas in the upper Martell Valley (Eastern Italian Alps)

Katharina Ramskogler, Bettina Knoflach, Bernhard Elsner, Brigitta Erschbamer, Florian Haas, Tobias Heckmann, Florentin Hofmeister, Livia Piermattei, Camillo Ressl, Svenja Trautmann, Michael H. Wimmer, Clemens Geitner, Johann Stötter, and Erich Tasser

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Cited articles

Albrecht, M., Riesen, M., and Schmid, B.: Plant-pollinator network assembly along the chronosequence of a glacier foreland, Oikos, 119, 1610–1624, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0706.2010.18376.x, 2010. 
Alfredsen, G. and Høiland, K.: Succession of terrestrial macrofungi along a deglaciation gradient at Glacier Blåisen, South Norway, Nord. J. Bot., 21, 19–37, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-1051.2001.tb01335.x, 2001. 
Andreis, C., Caccianiga, M., and Cerabolini, B.: Vegetation and environmental factors during primary succession on glacier forelands: Some outlines from the Italian Alps, Plant Biosyst., 135, 295–310, https://doi.org/10.1080/11263500112331350930, 2001. 
Anschlag, K., Tatti, D., Hellwig, N., Sartori, G., Gobat, J.-M., and Broll, G.: Vegetation-based bioindication of humus forms in coniferous mountain forests, J. Mt. Sci., 14, 662–673, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-016-4290-y, 2017. 
Arnold, R. W., Szabolcs, I., and Targulian, V. O.: Global soil change. Report of an IIASA-ISSS-UNEP task force on the role of soil in global change. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, 1990. 
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Short summary
Primary succession in proglacial areas depends on complex driving forces. To concretise the complex effects and interaction processes, 39 known explanatory variables assigned to seven spheres were analysed via principal component analysis and generalised additive models. Key results show that in addition to time- and elevation-dependent factors, also disturbances alter vegetation development. The results are useful for debates on vegetation development in a warming climate.
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