Articles | Volume 20, issue 15
Research article
01 Aug 2023
Research article |  | 01 Aug 2023

Inorganic component in oak waterlogged archaeological wood and volcanic lake compartments

Giancarlo Sidoti, Federica Antonelli, Giulia Galotta, Maria Cristina Moscatelli, Davor Kržišnik, Vittorio Vinciguerra, Swati Tamantini, Rosita Marabottini, Natalia Macro, and Manuela Romagnoli

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Cited articles

Alam, R. and McPhedran, K.: Applications of biological sulfate reduction for remediation of arsenic – A review, Chemosphere, 222, 932–944,, 2019. 
Baar, J., Paschová, Z., Hofmann, T., Kolár, T., Koch, G., Saake, B., and Rademacher, P.: Natural durability of subfossil oak: Wood chemical composition changes through the ages, Holzforschung, 74, 47–59,, 2020. 
Babiński, L., Izdebska-Mucha, D., and Waliszewska, B.: Evaluation of the state of preservation of waterlogged archaeological wood based on its physical properties: Basic density vs. wood substance density, J. Archaeol. Sci., 46, 372–383,, 2014. 
Bellatreccia, F., Caprilli, E., Della Ventura, G., Rossi, P., and Fiori, S.: Scheelite (CaWO4) e ferberite (FeWO4) associate a minerali di Th, U e REE negli inclusi sienitici del Lazio ed ipotesi genetiche, Rend. Lincei, 10, 9–19,, 1999. 
Björdal, C. G.: Microbial degradation of waterlogged archaeological wood, J. Cult. Herit., 13, S118–S122,, 2012. 
Short summary
The mineral content in archaeological wood pile dwellings and in the surrounding sediments in a volcanic lake was investigated. Calcium was the most abundant element; the second most abundant element was arsenic in sapwood. Sulfur, iron and potassium were also present. The mineral compounds are linked to the volcanic origin of the lake, to bioaccumulation processes induced by bacteria (i.e. sulfate-reducing bacteria) and to biochemical processes.
Final-revised paper