Articles | Volume 12, issue 12
Research article
23 Jun 2015
Research article |  | 23 Jun 2015

The stable isotopic composition of Daphnia ephippia reflects changes in δ13C and δ18O values of food and water

J. Schilder, C. Tellenbach, M. Möst, P. Spaak, M. van Hardenbroek, M. J. Wooller, and O. Heiri

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Cited articles

Adams, T. S. and Sterner, R. W.: The effect of dietary nitrogen content on trophic level 15N enrichment, Limnol. Oceanogr., 45, 601–607, 2000.
Barnes, C., Sweeting, C. J., Jennings, S., Barry, J. T., and Polunin, N. V. C.: Effect of temperature and ration size on carbon and nitrogen stable isotope trophic fractionation, Funct. Ecol., 21, 356–362, 2007.
Belle, S., Parent, C., Frossard, V., Verneaux, V., Millet, L., Chronopoulou, P-M., Sabatier, P., and Magny, M.: Temporal changes in the contribution of methane-oxidizing bacteria to the biomass of chironomid larvae determined using stable carbon isotopes and ancient DNA, J. Paleolimnol., 52, 215–228,, 2014.
Cáceres, C. E. and Tessier, A. J.: Incidence of diapause varies among populations of Daphnia pulicaria, Oecologia, 141, 425–31,, 2004.
Degens, E. T., Guillard, R. R. L., Sackett, W. M., and Hellebust, J. A.: Metabolic fractionation of carbon isotopes in marine plankton – I. Temperature and respiration experiments, Deep-Sea Res., 15, 1–9, 1968.
Short summary
We show that the stable (C, N, O) isotopic composition of the water flea Daphnia pulicaria is strongly related to that of its diet (C, N) and the water they live in (O). We also show that the stable isotopic composition of the sheaths of Daphnia resting eggs (ephippia) is indicative of the isotopic composition of Daphnia that produced them. This implies that stable isotope ratios of fossil Daphnia ephippia can provide information on past ecological and climatic developments in and around lakes.
Final-revised paper