Articles | Volume 12, issue 4
Research article
16 Feb 2015
Research article |  | 16 Feb 2015

Steady-state solutions for subsurface chlorophyll maximum in stratified water columns with a bell-shaped vertical profile of chlorophyll

X. Gong, J. Shi, H. W. Gao, and X. H. Yao

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Cited articles

Anderson, G. C.: Subsurface chlorophyll maximum in the northeast Pacific Ocean, Limnol. Oceanogr., 14, 386–391, 1969.
Ardyna, M., Babin, M., Gosselin, M., Devred, E., Bélanger, S., Matsuoka, A., and Tremblay, J. E.: Parameterization of vertical chlorophyll a in the Arctic Ocean: impact of the subsurface chlorophyll maximum on regional, seasonal and annual primary production estimates, Biogeosciences, 10, 4383–4404,, 2013.
Ayata, S., Lévy, M., Aumont, O., Sciandra, A., Sainte-Marie, J., Tagliabue, A., and Bernard, O.: Phytoplankton growth formulation in marine ecosystem models: should we take into account photo-acclimation and variable stoichiometry in oligotrophic areas?, J. Marine Syst., 125, 29–40, 2013.
Beckmann, A. and Hense, I.: Beneath the surface: Characteristics of oceanic ecosystems under weak mixing conditions-A theoretical investigation, Prog. Oceanogr., 75, 771–796, 2007.
Behrenfeld, M. J. and Boss, E. S.: Resurrecting the ecological underpinnings of ocean plankton blooms, Annu. Rev. Mar. Sci., 6, 167–194, 2014.
Short summary
Analytical solutions indicate that subsurface chlorophyll maximum (SCM) occurs at or below the depth of optimal growth of phytoplankton, and the depth of SCM layer deepens logarithmically with an increase in surface light intensity; thickness and intensity of the SCM layer are mainly affected by nutrient supply, but independent of surface light intensity; intensity of the SCM strengthens as a result of this layer being shrunk by a higher light attenuation coefficient or a large sinking velocity
Final-revised paper