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James Ross Island offers the opportunity to study the undisturbed interplay of microbial activity and pedogenesis. Soils from two sites representing coastal and inland conditions were chosen and analyzed with a wide range of techniques to describe soil properties. We are able to show that coastal conditions go along with more intense weathering and therefore favor soil formation and that microbial communities are initially more affected by weathering and structure than by chemical parameters.
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BG | Articles | Volume 16, issue 12
Biogeosciences, 16, 2481–2499, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-16-2481-2019
Biogeosciences, 16, 2481–2499, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-16-2481-2019

Research article 21 Jun 2019

Research article | 21 Jun 2019

Pedogenic and microbial interrelation in initial soils under semiarid climate on James Ross Island, Antarctic Peninsula region

Lars A. Meier et al.

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Aislabie, J. M., Jordan, S., and Barker, G. M.: Relation between Soil Classification and Bacterial Diversity in Soils of the Ross Sea Region, Antarctica, Geoderma, 144, 9–20, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2007.10.006, 2008. 
Arenz, B. and Blanchette, R.: Distribution and Abundance of Soil Fungi in Antarctica at Sites on the Peninsula, Ross Sea Region and Mcmurdo Dry Valleys, Soil Biol. Biochem., 43, 308–315, 2011. 
Ayton, J., Aislabie, J., Barker, G., Saul, D., and Turner, S.: Crenarchaeota Affiliated with Group 1.1 B Are Prevalent in Coastal Mineral Soils of the Ross Sea Region of Antarctica, Environ. Microbiol., 12, 689–703, 2010. 
Bajerski, F. and Wagner, D.: Bacterial Succession in Antarctic Soils of Two Glacier Forefields on Larsemann Hills, East Antarctica, FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 85, 128–142, https://doi.org/10.1111/1574-6941.12105, 2013. 
Bajerski, F., Ganzert, L., Mangelsdorf, K., Padur, L., Lipski, A., and Wagner, D.: Chryseobacterium Frigidisoli Sp. Nov., a Psychrotolerant Species of the Family Flavobacteriaceae Isolated from Sandy Permafrost from a Glacier Forefield, Int. J. Syst. Evol. Micr., 63, 2666–2671, 2013. 
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Short summary
James Ross Island offers the opportunity to study the undisturbed interplay of microbial activity and pedogenesis. Soils from two sites representing coastal and inland conditions were chosen and analyzed with a wide range of techniques to describe soil properties. We are able to show that coastal conditions go along with more intense weathering and therefore favor soil formation and that microbial communities are initially more affected by weathering and structure than by chemical parameters.
Citation
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Final-revised paper
Preprint