Articles | Volume 17, issue 6
Biogeosciences, 17, 1701–1715, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-17-1701-2020
Biogeosciences, 17, 1701–1715, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-17-1701-2020

Research article 01 Apr 2020

Research article | 01 Apr 2020

Biological and biogeochemical methods for estimating bioirrigation: a case study in the Oosterschelde estuary

Emil De Borger et al.

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Cited articles

Aller, R. C.: Quantifying solute distributions in the bioturbated zone of marine sediments by defining an average microenvironment, Geochim. Cosmochim. Ac., 44, 1955–1965, https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(80)90195-7, 1980. 
Aller, R. C.: The importance of the diffusive permeability of animal burrow linings in determining marine sediment chemistry, J. Mar. Res., 41, 299–322, https://doi.org/10.1357/002224083788520225, 1983. 
Aller, R. C. and Aller, J. Y.: Meiofauna and solute transport in marine muds, Limnol. Oceanogr., 37, 1018–1033, https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.1992.37.5.1018, 1992. 
Aller, R. C. and Aller, J. Y.: The effect of biogenic irrigation intensity and solute exchange on diagenetic reaction rates in marine sediments, J. Mar. Res., 56, 905–936, https://doi.org/10.1357/002224098321667413, 1998. 
Aller, R. C. and Yingst, J. Y.: Effects of the marine deposit-feeders Heteromastus filiformis (Polychaeta), Macoma balthica (Bivalvia), and Tellina texana (Bivalvia) on averaged sedimentary solute transport, reaction rates, and microbial distributions, J. Mar. Res., 43, 615–645, https://doi.org/10.1357/002224085788440349, 1985. 
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By applying a novel technique to quantify organism-induced sediment–water column fluid exchange (bioirrigation), we show that organisms in subtidal (permanently submerged) areas have similar bioirrigation rates as those that inhabit intertidal areas (not permanently submerged), but organisms in the latter irrigate deeper burrows in this study. Our results expand on traditional methods to quantify bioirrigation rates and broaden the pool of field measurements of bioirrigation rates.
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