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Photosynthetic production in the central Arctic Ocean is controlled by light availability below the ice, nitrate and silicate concentrations in the upper ocean, and the role of sub-ice algae that contributed up to 60% to primary production in summer 2012 during the record sea-ice minimum. As sea ice decreases, an overall change in Arctic PP would be foremost related to a change in the role of the ice algal production and nutrient availability.
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Articles | Volume 12, issue 11
Biogeosciences, 12, 3525–3549, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-3525-2015
Biogeosciences, 12, 3525–3549, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-3525-2015

Research article 09 Jun 2015

Research article | 09 Jun 2015

Photosynthetic production in the central Arctic Ocean during the record sea-ice minimum in 2012

M. Fernández-Méndez et al.

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Alver, M. O., Hancke, K., Sakshaug, E., and Slagstad, D.: A spectrally-resolved light propagation model for aquatic systems: Steps toward parameterizing primary production, J. Mar. Syst., 130, 134–146, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2012.03.007, 2014.
Andersen, S., Breivik, L. A., Eastwood, S., Godøy, Ø., Lind, M., Porcires, M. and Schyberg, H.: OSI SAF Sea Ice Product Manual v3.5 Tech. Rep. SAF/OSI/met. no/TEC/MA/125, EUMETSAT OSI SAF, Ocean and Sea Ice Sattelite Application Facility, 2007.
Ardyna, M., Gosselin, M., Michel, C., Poulin, M., and Tremblay, J.-É.: Environmental forcing of phytoplankton community structure and function in the Canadian High Arctic: contrasting oligotrophic and eutrophic regions, Mar. Ecol. Prog.-Ser., 442, 37–57, https://doi.org/10.3354/meps09378, 2011.
Ardyna, M., Babin, M., Gosselin, M., Devred, E., Rainville, L., and Tremblay, J.-É.: Recent Arctic Ocean sea-ice loss triggers novel fall phytoplankton blooms, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 6207–6212, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014GL061047, 2014.
Arndt, S. and Nicolaus, M.: Seasonal cycle and long-term trend of solar energy fluxes through Arctic sea ice, Cryosph., 8, 2219–2233, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-8-2219-2014, 2014.
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Photosynthetic production in the central Arctic Ocean is controlled by light availability below the ice, nitrate and silicate concentrations in the upper ocean, and the role of sub-ice algae that contributed up to 60% to primary production in summer 2012 during the record sea-ice minimum. As sea ice decreases, an overall change in Arctic PP would be foremost related to a change in the role of the ice algal production and nutrient availability.
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