Articles | Volume 14, issue 21
Research article
 | Highlight paper
03 Nov 2017
Research article | Highlight paper |  | 03 Nov 2017

Global consequences of afforestation and bioenergy cultivation on ecosystem service indicators

Andreas Krause, Thomas A. M. Pugh, Anita D. Bayer, Jonathan C. Doelman, Florian Humpenöder, Peter Anthoni, Stefan Olin, Benjamin L. Bodirsky, Alexander Popp, Elke Stehfest, and Almut Arneth

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Diverging land-use projections cause large variability in their impacts on ecosystems and related indicators for ecosystem services
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Cited articles

Ahlstrom, A., Schurgers, G., Arneth, A., and Smith, B.: Robustness and uncertainty in terrestrial ecosystem carbon response to CMIP5 climate change projections, Environ. Res. Lett., 7, 044008,, 2012.
Alkama, R. and Cescatti, A.: Biophysical climate impacts of recent changes in global forest cover, Science, 351, 600–604,, 2016.
Alkemade, R., van Oorschot, M., Miles, L., Nellemann, C., Bakkenes, M., and ten Brink, B.: GLOBIO3: A framework to investigate options for reducing global terrestrial biodiversity loss, Ecosystems, 12, 374–390,, 2009.
Anderson, K. and Peters, G.: The trouble with negative emissions, Science, 354, 182–183,, 2016.
Short summary
Many climate change mitigation scenarios require negative emissions from land management. However, environmental side effects are often not considered. Here, we use projections of future land use from two land-use models as input to a vegetation model. We show that carbon removal via bioenergy production or forest maintenance and expansion affect a range of ecosystem functions. Largest impacts are found for crop production, nitrogen losses, and emissions of biogenic volatile organic compounds.
Final-revised paper