Articles | Volume 15, issue 16
Biogeosciences, 15, 5047–5060, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-5047-2018
Biogeosciences, 15, 5047–5060, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-5047-2018

Research article 24 Aug 2018

Research article | 24 Aug 2018

Long-term dynamics of monoterpene synthase activities, monoterpene storage pools and emissions in boreal Scots pine

Anni Vanhatalo et al.

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Manuscript not accepted for further review
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Cited articles

Aalto, J., Kolari, P., Hari, P., Kerminen, V.-M., Schiestl-Aalto, P., Aaltonen, H., Levula, J., Siivola, E., Kulmala, M., and Bäck, J.: New foliage growth is a significant, unaccounted source for volatiles in boreal evergreen forests, Biogeosciences, 11, 1331–1344, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-11-1331-2014, 2014. 
Aalto, J., Porcar-Castell, A., Atherton, J., Kolari, P., Pohja, T., Hari, P., Nikinmaa, E., Petäjä, T., and Bäck, J.: Onset of photosynthesis in spring speeds up monoterpene synthesis and leads to emission bursts, Plant Cell Environ., 38, 2299–2312, 2015. 
Alonso, W. R. and Croteau, R.: Purification and characterization of the monoterpene cyclase γ-terpinene synthase from Thymus vulgaris, Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 286, 511–517, 1991. 
Altimir, N., Kolari, P., Tuovinen, J.-P., Vesala, T., Bäck, J., Suni, T., Kulmala, M., and Hari, P.: Foliage surface ozone deposition: a role for surface moisture?, Biogeosciences, 3, 209–228, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-3-209-2006, 2006. 
Bernard-Dagan, C.: Seasonal variations in energy sources and biosynthesis of terpenes in maritime pine, in: Mechanisms of woody plant defenses against insects, edited by: Mattson, W. J., Levieux, J., and Bernard-Dagan, C., Springer, New York, USA, 93–116, 1988. 
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We analysed the relationships between Scots pine needle monoterpene synthase activities, monoterpene storage pools and emissions of needles. The results showed changes in the monoterpene synthase activity of needles, linked to seasonality and needle ontogenesis, while the pool did not change considerably as a function of needle aging. Monoterpene emissions did not correlate with synthase activity or storage pool size. Additionally, we observed notably high plant-to-plant variation.
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