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BG | Articles | Volume 15, issue 18
Biogeosciences, 15, 5733–5744, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-5733-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Biogeosciences, 15, 5733–5744, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-5733-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 28 Sep 2018

Research article | 28 Sep 2018

Potential for phenol biodegradation in cloud waters

Audrey Lallement et al.

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Cited articles

Ajaz, M., Noor, N., Rasool, S. A., and Khan, S. A.: Phenol resistant bacteria from soil: identification-characterization and genetical studies, Pak. J. Bot., 36, 415–424, 2004. 
Al-Khalid, T. and El-Naas, M. H.: Aerobic biodegradation of phenols: a comprehensive review, Crit. Rev. Env. Sci. Tech., 42, 1631–1690, https://doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2011.569872, 2012. 
Amann, R. I., Ludwig, W., and Schleifer, K. H.: Phylogenetic identification and in situ detection of individual microbial cells without cultivation, Microbiol. Rev., 59, 143–169, 1995. 
Amato, P., Joly, M., Besaury, L., Oudart, A., Taib, N., Moné, A. I., Deguillaume, L., Delort, A.-M., and Debroas, D.: Active microorganisms thrive among extremely diverse communities in cloud water, PLoS One, 12, e0182869, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0182869, 2017a. 
Amato, P., Brisebois, E., Draghi, M., Duchaine, C., Fröhlich-Nowoisky, J., Huffman, J. A., Mainelis, G., Robine, E., and Thibaudon, M.: Main biological aerosols, specificities, abundance, and diversity, in: Microbiology of Aerosols, edited by: Delort, A. and Amato, P., 3–22, https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119132318.ch1a, 2017b. 
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The main objective of this work was to evaluate the potential degradation of phenol, a highly toxic pollutant, by cloud microorganisms. Phenol concentrations measured on five cloud samples collected at the PUY station in France were from 0.15 to 0.74 µg L−1. Metatranscriptomic analysis suggested that phenol could be biodegraded directly in clouds, likely by Gammaproteobacteria. A large screening showed that 93 % of 145 bacterial strains isolated from clouds were able to degrade phenol.
The main objective of this work was to evaluate the potential degradation of phenol, a highly...
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