Articles | Volume 18, issue 13
Biogeosciences, 18, 4059–4072, 2021
Biogeosciences, 18, 4059–4072, 2021

Research article 06 Jul 2021

Research article | 06 Jul 2021

The motion of trees in the wind: a data synthesis

Toby D. Jackson et al.

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Cited articles

Angelou, N., Dellwik, E., and Mann, J.: Wind load estimation on an open-grown European oak tree, For. An Int. J. For. Res., 92, 381–392,, 2019. 
Baker, C. J.: Measurements of the natural frequencies of trees, J. Exp. Bot., 48, 1125–1132,, 1997. 
Blackburn, P., Petty, J. A., and Miller, K. F.: An assessment of the static and dynamic factors involved in windthrow, Forestry, 61, 29–43,, 1988. 
Bonnesoeur, V., Constant, T., Moulia, B., and Fournier, M.: Forest trees filter chronic wind-signals to acclimate to high winds, New Phytol., 210, 850–860,, 2016. 
Short summary
We have all seen trees swaying in the wind, but did you know that this motion can teach us about ecology? We summarized tree motion data from many different studies and looked for similarities between trees. We found that the motion of trees in conifer forests is quite similar to each other, whereas open-grown trees and broadleaf forests show more variation. It has been suggested that additional damping or amplification of tree motion occurs at high wind speeds, but we found no evidence of this.
Final-revised paper