Articles | Volume 20, issue 12
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-20-2237-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-20-2237-2023
Research article
 | 
20 Jun 2023
Research article |  | 20 Jun 2023

The potential of an increased deciduous forest fraction to mitigate the effects of heat extremes in Europe

Marcus Breil, Annabell Weber, and Joaquim G. Pinto

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Cited articles

Augusto, L., De Schrijver, A., Vesterdal, L., Smolander, A., Prescott, C., and Ranger, J.: Influences of evergreen gymnosperm and deciduous angiosperm tree species on the functioning of temperate and boreal forests, Biol. Rev., 90, 444–466, https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12119, 2015. 
Baldocchi, D., Kelliher, F. M., Black, T. A., and Jarvis, P.: Climate and vegetation controls on boreal zone energy exchange, Glob. Change Biol., 6, 69–83, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2486.2000.06014.x, 2000. 
Bartholome, E. and Belward, A. S.: GLC2000: a new approach to global land cover mapping from Earth observation data, Int. J. Remote Sens., 26, 1959–1977, https://doi.org/10.1080/01431160412331291297, 2005. 
Baumgarten, M., Hesse, B. D., Augustaitienė, I., Marozas, V., Mozgeris, G., Byčenkienė, S., Mordas, G., Pivoras, A., Pivoras, G., Juonyte, D., Ulevicius V., Augustaitis, A., and Matyssek, R.: Responses of species-specific sap flux, transpiration and water use efficiency of pine, spruce and birch trees to temporarily moderate dry periods in mixed forests at a dry and wet forest site in the hemi-boreal zone, J. Agr. Meteorol., 75, 13–29, https://doi.org/10.2480/agrmet.D-18-00008, 2019. 
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Short summary
A promising strategy for mitigating burdens of heat extremes in Europe is to replace dark coniferous forests with brighter deciduous forests. The consequence of this would be reduced absorption of solar radiation, which should reduce the intensities of heat periods. In this study, we show that deciduous forests have a certain cooling effect on heat period intensities in Europe. However, the magnitude of the temperature reduction is quite small.
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